SOTS: Governors & Lieutenant Governors

Governors & Lieutenant Governors

GOVERNORS OF CONNECTICUT

The supreme executive power of the state is vested by the Constitution in the Governor. The Governor has the power to administer oaths, sign writs, issue processes, and to see that the laws of the state are faithfully executed. In case of emergency, the Governor may convene the General Assembly in special session. The Governor is commander-in-chief of the militia of the state and has jurisdiction in the matter of requisitions from other states for criminals. The Governor has power to veto any bills passed by the General Assembly, but the veto may be overridden by at least a two-thirds majority vote of each house upon reconsideration. Any bill that is neither signed nor vetoed within five days after being presented to the Governor (Sundays and legal holidays excepted) during the session of the General Assembly becomes a law, in like manner as if signed. After adjournment of the General Assembly, the Governor is allowed fifteen calendar days after bills have been presented in which to act. In each odd-numbered year, the Governor must also present a biennial budget for the state to the General Assembly and has control over the quarterly allotments granted after the budget has been acted on by the General Assembly. The Governor must from time to time give to the General Assembly information concerning the state and recommend such measures as deemed expedient. The Governor may adjourn the General Assembly in case of disagreement between the two houses, respecting the time of adjournment to such time as the Governor thinks proper, but not beyond the day of the next stated session.

The Governor nominates to the General Assembly the Judges of the Supreme, Appellate, and the Superior Courts and the Chief Court Administrator; and appoints the members of several boards and commissions, at times with the consent of either House of the General Assembly, and appoints, with the advice and consent of either House of the General Assembly, the Commissioner of the Department of Administrative Services, the Commissioner of the Department of Aging, the Commissioner of the Department of Agriculture, the Commissioner of the Department of Banking, the Commissioner of the Department of Children and Families, the Commissioner of the Department of Consumer Protection, the Commissioner of the Department of Correction, the Commissioner of the Department of Developmental Services, the Commissioner of the Department of Economic and Community Development, the Commissioner of Education, the Commissioner of the Department of Emergency Services and Public Protection, the Commissioner of the Department of Energy and Environmental Protection, the Commissioner of the Department of Housing, the Commissioner of the Department of Insurance, the Commissioner of the Department of Labor, the Commissioner of the Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services, the Commissioner of the Department of Motor Vehicles, the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management, the Commissioner of the Department of Public Health, the Commissioner of the Department of Rehabilitative Services, the Commissioner of the Department of Revenue Services, the Commissioner of the Department of Social Services, the Commissioner of the Department of Transportation, the Commissioner of the Department of Veterans' Affairs, the Commissioner of the Office of Early Childhood Education, the Claims Commissioner, the Consumer Counsel, the Executive Administrator of the Office of Governmental Accountability, the Healthcare Advocate, the Executive Director of the Office of Military Affairs, the Executive Director of the Office of Protection and Advocacy for Persons with Disabilities, the Executive Director of the State Contracting Standards Board, the Child Advocate, and the Victim Advocate. The Governor also appoints, with the consent of both houses, members of the State Board of Education, the New England Board of Higher Education, members of the Public Utilities Regulatory Authority within the Department of Energy and Environmental Protection, and other boards and commissions. The Governor also appoints, with advice and consent of either House of the General Assembly, the Board of Trustees of the University of Connecticut.  The Governor is an ex officio member of the Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station, State Bond Commission, Finance Advisory Committee, Commission on Intergovernmental Relations, Board of Trustees of the University of Connecticut, and the Corporation of Yale University.

The Governor presided over the General Assembly before it was divided into two houses in 1698; from that date until the adoption of the Constitution of 1818, the Governor presided in the council or upper house, with a casting vote, but no veto power. At the present time, the Lieutenant Governor presides over the Senate.

The Governor holds office for four years and receives an annual salary of $150,000. The Governor's Residence is located at 990 Prospect Avenue, Hartford 06105.

Abbreviations for political parties denote the following: A, American; ACP, A Connecticut Party; AD, American Democrat; AR, American Republican; D, Democrat; F, Federalist; FSA, Free Soil American; NR, National Republican; O, No record; R, Republican; R*, Jeffersonian Republican; U, Union; W, Whig. Prior to 1660, state law prohibited governors from serving successive terms.

Governor Town and Party** Term of Service Years of Service
John Haynes Hartford, O 1639, 41, 43, 45, 47, 49, 51, 53 8 yrs.
Edward Hopkins Hartford, O 1640, 44, 46, 48, 50, 52, 54 7 yrs.
George Wyllys Hartford, O 1642 1 yr.
Thomas Welles Hartford, O 1655, 58 2 yrs.
John Webster Hartford, O 1656 1 yr.
John Winthrop New London, O 1657, 59-76 18 yrs.
William Leete Guilford, O 1676-83 7 yrs.
Robert Treat1 Milford, O 1683-98 15 yrs.
Fitz-John Winthrop New London, O 1698-1707 9 yrs. 6 m.
Gurdon Saltonstall New London, O 1708-24 17 yrs. 4 m.
Joseph Talcott2 Hartford, O 1724-41 16 yrs. 5 m.
Jonathan Law3 Milford, O 1741-50 9 yrs. 1 m.
Roger Wolcott Windsor, O 1750-54 3 yrs. 6 m.
Thomas Fitch Norwalk, O 1754-66 12 yrs.
William Pitkin4 Hartford, O 1766-69 3 yrs. 5 m.
Jonathan Trumbull Lebanon, O 1769-84 14 yrs. 7 m.
Matthew Griswold Lyme, F 1784-86 2 yrs.
Samuel Huntington5 Norwich, F 1786-96 9 yrs. 8 m.
Oliver Wolcott6 Litchfield, F 1796-97 1 yr. 11 m.
Jonathan Trumbull, 2nd7 Lebanon, F 1797-1809 11 yrs. 8 m.
John Treadwell Farmington, F 1809-11 1 yr. 9 m.
Roger Griswold8 Lyme, F 1811-12 1 yr. 5 m.
John Cotton Smith Sharon, F 1812-17 4 yrs. 7 m.
Oliver Wolcott, Jr. Litchfield, R* 1817-27 10 yrs.
Gideon Tomlinson9 Fairfield, R* 1827-31 4 yrs.
John S. Peters Hebron, NR 1831-33 2 yrs.
Henry W. Edwards New Haven, D 1833-34 1 yr.
Samuel A. Foot Cheshire, W 1834-35 1 yr.
Henry W. Edwards New Haven, D 1835-38 3 yrs.
Wm. W. Ellsworth Hartford, W 1838-42 4 yrs.
Chauncey F. Cleveland Hampton, D 1842-44 2 yrs.
Roger S. Baldwin New Haven, W 1844-46 2 yrs.
Isaac Toucey Hartford, D 1846-47 1 yr.
Clark Bissell Norwalk, W 1847-49 2 yrs.
Joseph Trumbull Hartford, W 1849-50 1 yr.
Thomas H. Seymour Hartford, D 1850-53 3 yrs. 1 m.
Charles H. Pond10 Milford, D 1853-54 11 m.
Henry Dutton New Haven, W 1854-55 1 yr.
William T. Minor Stamford, A 1855-57 2 yrs.
Alexander H. Holley Salisbury, AR 1857-58 1 yr.
Wm. A. Buckingham Norwich, R 1858-66 8 yrs.
Joseph R. Hawley Hartford, R 1866-67 1 yr.
James E. English New Haven, D 1867-69 2 yrs.
Marshall Jewell Hartford, R 1869-70 2 yrs.
James E. English New Haven, D 1870-71 1 yr.
Marshall Jewell Hartford, R 1871-72 2 yrs.
Charles R. Ingersoll11 New Haven, D 1873-77 3 yrs. 9 m.
Richard D. Hubbard Hartford, D 1877-79 2 yrs.
Charles B. Andrews Litchfield, R 1879-81 2 yrs.
Hobart B. Bigelow New Haven, R 1881-83 2 yrs.
Thomas M. Waller New London, D 1883-85 2 yrs.
Henry B. Harrison New Haven, R 1885-87 2 yrs.
Phineas C. Lounsbury Ridgefield, R 1887-89 2 yrs.
Morgan G. Bulkeley Hartford, R 1889-93 4 yrs.
Luzon B. Morris New Haven, D 1893-95 2 yrs.
O. Vincent Coffin Middletown, R 1895-97 2 yrs.
Lorrin A. Cooke Winsted, R 1897-99 2 yrs.
George E. Lounsbury Ridgefield, R 1899-1901 2 yrs.
George P. McLean Simsbury, R 1901-03 2 yrs.
Abiram Chamberlain Meriden, R 1903-05 2 yrs.
Henry Roberts Hartford, R 1905-07 2 yrs.
Rollin S. Woodruff New Haven, R 1907-09 2 yrs.
George L. Lilley12 Waterbury, R 1909 3 m. 15 d.
Frank B. Weeks Middletown, R 1909-11 1 yr. 8 m. 15 d.
Simeon E. Baldwin New Haven, D 1911-15 4 yrs.
Marcus H. Holcomb Southington, R 1915-21 6 yrs.
Everett J. Lake Hartford, R 1921-23 2 yrs.
Chas. A. Templeton Waterbury, R 1923-25 2 yrs.
Hiram Bingham13 New Haven, R 1925 1 d.
John H. Trumbull14 Plainville, R 1925-31 6 yrs.
Wilbur L. Cross New Haven, D 1931-39 8 yrs.
Raymond E. Baldwin Stratford, R 1939-41 2 yrs.
Robert A. Hurley Bridgeport, D 1941-42 2 yrs.
Raymond E. Baldwin15 Stratford, R 1943-46 3 yrs. 11 m. 21 d.
Wilbert Snow16 Middletown, D 1946-47 13 d.
James L. McConaughy17 Cornwall, R 1947-48 1 yr. 2 m.
James C. Shannon Bridgeport, R 1948-49 9 m. 29 d.
Chester Bowles Essex, D 1949-51 2 yrs.
John Lodge Westport, R 1951-55 4 yrs.
Abraham Ribicoff18 Hartford, D 1955-61 6 yrs. 16 d.
John Dempsey19 Putnam, D 1961-71 9 yrs. 11 m. 15 d.
Thomas J. Meskill New Britain, R 1971-75 4 yrs.
Ella T. Grasso20 Windsor Locks, D 1975-80 5 yrs. 11 m. 28 d.
William A. O'Neill21 East Hampton, D 1980-91 10 yrs. 10 d.
Lowell P. Weicker, Jr. Greenwich, ACP 1991-95 4 yrs.
John G. Rowland22 Waterbury, R 1995-2004 9 yrs. 6 m.
M. Jodi Rell23 Brookfield, R 2004-11 6 yrs. 6 m.
Dannel P. Malloy Stamford, D 2011-

**Town listed is town of residence at time of election.

1Gov. Treat's term includes the period when Sir Edmund Andros served as royal governor with de facto executive.

2Died in office October 11, 1741. The General Assembly, then being in session, elected Jonathan Law, Governor.

3Died in office November 6, 1750. At a special session of November 21-22 the General Assembly elected Roger Wolcott, Governor.

4Died October 1, 1769. At its October 1769 session the General Assembly elected Jonathan Trumbull, Sr., Governor.

5Died January 5, 1796. At the regular May 1796 election the freemen failed to give any candidate a majority. The General Assembly then elected Oliver Wolcott, Governor.

6Died December 1, 1797. At the regular May 1798 election the freemen elected Jonathan Trumbull, Jr., Governor.

7Died August 7, 1809. At the regular October 1809 session the General Assembly elected John Treadwell, Governor.

8Died October 25, 1812. At the regular October 1812 session the General Assembly refused to elect a Governor. At the regular May 1813 election the freemen elected John Cotton Smith, Governor.

9Resigned to become United States Senator.

10Governor Pond was elected Lieutenant-Governor in April, 1853, and became Governor by resignation of Governor Seymour on October 13, 1853, when the latter was appointed Minister to Russia.

11By Constitutional Amendment of 1875, the term for 1876-7 was made to expire January, 1877.

12Died in office, April 21, 1909, and Frank B. Weeks became Governor.

13Resigned January 8, 1925 to become United States Senator.

14Succeeded Hiram Bingham.

15Resigned December 27, 1946 to become U.S. Senator.

16Became Governor December 27, 1946.

17Died in office, March 7, 1948 and James C. Shannon became Governor.

18Resigned January 21, 1961 to become Secretary of Health, Education and Welfare.

19Became Governor January 21, 1961, in succession to Abraham Ribicoff. Elected Governor for a full term beginning January 9, 1963; reelected November 8, 1966.

20Resigned December 31, 1980 because of ill health.

21Became Governor December 31, 1980, in succession to Ella Grasso. Elected Governor for a full term beginning January 5, 1983; reelected November 4, 1986.

22Resigned July 1, 2004 at 12:00 Noon.
23Became Governor July 1, 2004 at 12:00 Noon, in succession to John G. Rowland, who resigned. Elected Governor for a full term beginning January 3, 2007.

DEPUTY OR LIEUTENANT GOVERNORS

Before the Constitution of 1818, Connecticut had a Deputy Governor who presided in council, or the upper house of the General Assembly, in the absence of the Governor. When the Governor was present, the Deputy Governor had a voice in council. Until 1818 the Deputy Governor could exercise the office of a justice of the peace throughout the State, and could sign writs until 1879.

Today, the Lieutenant Governor is President of the State Senate, presides over its deliberations, rules on procedures, and may cast a vote in the event of a tie. The Lieutenant Governor may only enter debate when the State Senate meets as Committee of the Whole. Under the Constitution, the Lieutenant Governor becomes Governor in case of the death, resignation, refusal to serve or removal from office of the Governor. If the Governor is impeached or absent from the state, the Lieutenant Governor "shall exercise the powers and authority and perform the duties appertaining to the office of Governor until, if the Governor has been impeached, he is acquitted, or if absent, he has returned."

The Constitution also provides that the Lieutenant Governor shall exercise the powers and perform the duties of Governor if the Governor informs the Lieutenant Governor in writing that he is unable to do so, "until the Governor transmits to the Lieutenant Governor a written declaration to the contrary."

The Constitution also establishes procedures, under a Council on Gubernatorial Incapacity, whereby the Lieutenant Governor may assume the powers and duties of the Governor in the absence of a written declaration of incapacity by the Governor until it is determined that the Governor is able to resume the powers and duties of his office.

The Lieutenant Governor is a member of the Finance Advisory Committee, the Commission on Intergovernmental Cooperation and the Corporation of Yale University.

The Lieutenant Governor shall have the same qualifications for office as the Governor, is elected for four-year terms and receives an annual salary of $110,000.

Lieutenant Governor Town and Party** Term of Service Years of Service
Roger Ludlow Windsor, O 1639, 42, 48 3 yrs.
John Haynes Hartford, O 1640, 44, 46, 50, 52 5 yrs.
George Wyllys Hartford, O 1641 1 yr.
Edward Hopkins Hartford, O 1643, 45, 47, 49, 51, 53 6 yrs.
Thomas Welles Hartford, O 1654, 56, 57, 59 4 yrs.
John Webster Hartford, O 1655 1 yr.
John Winthrop New London, O 1658-59 1 yr.
John Mason Norwich, O 1660-69 9 yrs.
William Leete Guilford, O 1669-76 7 yrs.
Robert Treat Milford, O 1676-83 7 yrs.
James Bishop New Haven, O 1683-92 9 yrs.
William Jones New Haven, O 1692-98 6 yrs.
Robert Treat Milford, O 1698-1708 10 yrs.
Nathan Gold Fairfield, O 1708-24 16 yrs.
Joseph Talcott Hartford, O 1724-25 1 yr.
Jonathan Law Milford, O 1725-41 16 yrs. 5 m.
Roger Wolcott Windsor, O 1741-50 9 yrs. 10 m.
Thomas Fitch Norwalk, O 1750-54 3 yrs. 1 m.
William Pitkin Hartford, O 1754-66 12 yrs.
Jonathan Trumbull, Sr. Lebanon, O 1766-69 3 yrs. 5 m.
Matthew Griswold Lyme, F 1769-84 15 yrs.
Samuel Huntington Norwich, O 1784-86 2 yrs.
Oliver Wolcott Litchfield, F 1786-96 9 yrs. 8 m.
Jonathan Trumbull, 2nd Lebanon, F 1796-97 1 yr. 7 m.
John Treadwell1 Farmington, F 1797-1809 11 yrs. 5 m.
Roger Griswold2 Lyme, F 1809-11 1 yr. 7 m.
John Cotton Smith3 Sharon, F 1811-13 2 yrs.
Chauncey Goodrich4 Hartford, F 1813-15 2 yrs. 3 m.
Jonathan Ingersoll5 New Haven, R* 1816-23 6 yrs. 8 m.
David Plant Stratford, O 1823-27 4 yrs.
John S. Peters Hebron, NR 1827-31 4 yrs.
No election 1831-32
Thaddeus Betts Norwalk, O 1832-33 1 yr.
Ebenezer Stoddard Woodstock, O 1833-34 1 yr.
Thaddeus Betts Norwalk, O 1834-35 1 yr.
Ebenezer Stoddard Woodstock, O 1835-38 3 yrs.
Charles Hawley Stamford, O 1838-42 4 yrs.
William S. Holabird Winsted, O 1842-44 2 yrs.
Reuben Booth Danbury, O 1844-46 2 yrs.
Noyes Billings New London, O 1846-47 1 yr.
Charles J. McCurdy Lyme, O 1847-49 2 yrs.
Thomas Backus Killingly, O 1849-50 1 yr.
Charles H. Pond Milford, D 1850-51 1 yr.
Green Kendrick Waterbury, W 1851-52 1 yr.
Charles H. Pond Milford, D 1852-54 2 yrs.
Alexander H. Holley Salisbury, W 1854-55 1 yr.
William Field Pomfret, FSA 1855-56 1 yr.
Albert Day Hartford, AR 1856-57 1 yr.
Alfred A. Burnham Windham, R 1857-58 1 yr.
Julius Catlin Hartford, R 1858-61 3 yrs.
Benjamin Douglas Middletown, R 1861-62 1 yr.
Roger Averill Danbury, U 1862-66 4 yrs.
Oliver F. Winchester New Haven, R 1866-67 1 yr.
Ephraim H. Hyde Stafford, D 1867-69 2 yrs.
Francis Wayland New Haven, R 1869-70 1 yr.
Julius Hotchkiss Middletown, D 1870-71 1 yr.
Morris Tyler New Haven, R 1871-73 2 yrs.
George G. Sill Hartford, R 1873-77 4 yrs.
Francis B. Loomis New London, D 1877-79 2 yrs.
David Gallup Plainfield, R 1879-81 2 yrs.
William H. Bulkeley Hartford, R 1881-83 2 yrs.
George G. Summer Hartford, D 1883-85 2 yrs.
Lorrin A. Cooke Winsted, R 1885-87 2 yrs.
James L. Howard Hartford, R 1887-89 2 yrs.
Samuel E. Merwin New Haven, R 1889-93 4 yrs.
Ernest Cady Hartford, D 1893-95 2 yrs.
Lorrin A. Cooke Winsted, R 1895-97 2 yrs.
James D. Dewell New Haven, R 1897-99 2 yrs.
Lyman A. Mills Middlefield, R 1899-1901 2 yrs.
Edwin O. Keeler Norwalk, R 1901-03 2 yrs.
Henry Roberts Hartford, R 1903-05 2 yrs.
Rollin S. Woodruff New Haven, R 1905-07 2 yrs.
Everett J. Lake Hartford, R 1907-09 2 yrs.
Frank B. Weeks6 Middletown, R 1909 3 m. 15 d.
Dennis A. Blakeslee New Haven, R 1911-13 2 yrs.
Lyman T. Tingier Vernon, D 1913-15 2 yrs.
Clifford B. Wilson Bridgeport, R 1915-21 6 yrs.
Charles A. Templeton Waterbury, R 1921-23 2 yrs.
Hiram Bingham New Haven, R 1923-25 2 yrs.
John H. Trumbull Plainville, R 1925 1 d.
J. Edwin Brainard7 Branford, R 1925-29 4 yrs.
Ernest E. Rogers New London, R 1929-31 2 yrs.
Samuel R. Spencer Suffield, R 1931-33 2 yrs.
Roy C. Wilcox Meriden, R 1933-35 2 yrs.
T. Frank Hayes Waterbury, D 1935-39 4 yrs.
James L. McConaughy Middletown, R 1939-41 2 yrs.
Odell Shepard Hartford, D 1941-43 2 yrs.
William L. Hadden West Haven, R 1943-45 2 yrs.
Wilbert Snow8 Middletown, D 1945-46 1 yr. 11 m. 25 d.
James C. Shannon9 Bridgeport, R 1947-48 1 yr. 2 m.
Robert E. Parsons10 Farmington, R 1948-49 9 m. 29 d.
William T. Carroll Torrington, D 1949-51 2 yrs.
Edward N. Allen Hartford, R 1951-55 4 yrs.
Charles W. Jewett Lyme, R 1955-59 4 yrs.
John N. Dempsey11 Putnam, D 1959-61 2 yrs. 16 d.
Anthony J. Armentano12 Hartford, D 1961-63 1 yr. 11 m. 15 d.
Samuel J. Tedesco13 Bridgeport, D 1963-66 3 yrs. 6 d.
Fred J. Doocy14 South Windsor, D 1966-67 11 m. 19 d.
Attilio R. Frassinelli Stafford, D 1967-71 4 yrs.
T. Clark Hull15 Danbury, R 1971-73 2 yrs. 4 m. 25 d.
Peter L. Cashman16 Lyme, R 1973-75 1 yr. 7 m. 1 d.
Robert K. Killian Hartford, D 1975-79 4 yrs.
William A. O'Neill17 East Hampton, D 1979-80 1 yr. 11 m. 28 d.
Joseph J. Fauliso18 Hartford, D 1980-91 10 yrs. 8 d.
Eunice S. Groark Hartford, ACP 1991-95 4 yrs.
M. Jodi Rell19 Brookfield, R 1995-2004 9 yrs. 6 m.
Kevin B. Sullivan20 West Hartford, D 2004-2007 2 yrs. 6 m. 2 d.
Michael Fedele Stamford, R 2007-2011 4 yrs.
Nancy Wyman Tolland, D 2011-

**Town listed is town of residence at time of election.

1Was appointed Governor by the General Assembly in October, 1809, Governor Trumbull having died August 7, 1809.

2Was appointed by the General Assembly in October, 1809, in place of Lieutenant Governor Treadwell.

3Was Acting-Governor from time of Governor Griswold's death, October 25, 1812, until May, 1813.

4Died August 18, 1815, while in office.

5Died January 12, 1823.

6Governor Weeks was elected Lieutenant Governor and became Governor on the death of Governor Lilley, taking the oath of office, April 22, 1909.

7Lieutenant Governor Brainard was chosen President Pro Tem of the Senate and succeeded to the office of Lieutenant Governor, to fill vacancy caused by the resignation of Governor Trumbull, January 8, 1925.

8Became Governor December 27, 1946, when Governor Baldwin resigned to become U.S. Senator.

9Became Governor upon the death of Governor McConaughy. Took oath of office March 8, 1948.

10Became Lieutenant Governor when Lieutenant Governor Shannon became Governor. Term began March 8, 1948.

11Became Governor January 21, 1961 in succession to Abraham Ribicoff who resigned to become Secretary of Health, Education and Welfare.

12Was chosen president pro tempore of the Senate and succeeded to the office of Lieutenant Governor when John Dempsey became Governor, January 21, 1961.

13Resigned January 15, 1966 to become Judge of the Superior Court on August 13, 1966.

14Succeeded to the office of Lieutenant Governor by virtue of being President Pro Tempore of the Senate. Took oath of office on January 17, 1966.

15Resigned June 1, 1973 to become Judge of the Superior Court.

16Succeeded to the office of Lieutenant Governor by virtue of being President Pro Tempore of the Senate. Took oath of office on June 7, 1973.

17Became Governor December 31, 1980 in succession to Ella T. Grasso who resigned because of ill health.

18Succeeded to the office of Lieutenant Governor by virtue of being President Pro Tempore of the Senate. Took oath of office on December 31, 1980.

19Became Governor July 1, 2004 at 12:00 Noon, in succession to John G. Rowland who resigned.
20Succeeded to the office of Lieutenant Governor by virtue of being President Pro Tempore of the Senate. Took oath of office on July 1, 2004.





Content Last Modified on 7/9/2014 3:21:57 PM