Racial and Ethnic Disparity Commission (CJS)
{Welcome to the Racial and Ethnic Disparity Commission}
The Commission on Racial and Ethnic Disparity in the Criminal Justice System was created by the Connecticut state legislature in 2000 (Public Act 00-154). The stated purpose of that act was "to establish a commission dedicated to eliminating racial and ethnic disparity in the criminal justice system."

During the 2015 legislative session, the Commission's membership and charge were slightly modified with the passage of Public Act 15-109.

Judges v. Prosecutors - what recent research says about their contributions to disparity in sentencing 
Race, Ethnicity, and Judicial Discretion: The Influence of the United States v. Booker Decision, Jeffrey S. Nowacki, Crime & Delinquency, December 2015, vol. 61, no. 10, 1360-1385.

A new report published in the December 2015 edition of Crime & Delinquency summarizes the findings of Jeffrey S. Nowacki's analysis on the effects of the United States v. Booker decision. The 2005 Supreme Court decision made Federal Sentencing Guidelines advisory rather than mandatory. Professor Nowacki's analysis looked the effects of this expanded discretion in criminal sentencing decision-making and found that the greater judicial discretion afforded increased racial disparity.

Federal Sentencing Disparity: 20052012, Abt Associates, Bureau of Justice Statistics, October 22, 2015.
Another recent publication on the same topic summarized similar findings from analysis performed by Abt Associates for the Bureau of Justice Statistics.

Mandatory Sentencing and Racial Disparity: Assessing the Role of Prosecutors and the Effects of Booker, Sonja B. Starr and M. Marit Rehavi, The Yale Law Journal, October 2013

In Starr and Rehavi's earlier analysis on the effects of the United States v. Booker decision, the authors did not identify an increase in racial disparity in judicial sentencing practices, but did determine that the "dominant procedural sources of disparity" were prosecutor charging decisions.

Byungbae Kim, Cassia Spohn, and E. C. Hedberg's analysis also identified prosecutorial decision-making as a greater cause of sentencing disparities than the practices of judges.

*The above is a summary of information provided by The Sentencing Project.