OPM: Criminal Justice Data Improvement Programs

Connecticut Criminal Justice Data Improvement Programs

  {OPM - Criminal Justice Data Improvement Programs}

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{TOP of page} Overview Data Improvement Programs

The Criminal Justice Data Improvement Programs work to improve the criminal record-keeping of States and local governments while improving the ability of States and localities to produce statistics on crime and the administration of justice.

Criminal history records describe offenses and offenders and include offender fingerprint identification and notations of arrest and subsequent dispositions. All States have established a criminal record repository that maintains criminal records and identification data and responds to law enforcement inquiries and inquiries for other purposes such as background checks and national security. Criminal records include data provided by all components of the criminal justice system: law enforcement, prosecution, courts, and corrections. Automated interfaces with courts and prosecutors are critical to ensuring that all criminal records include dispositions at each stage of the criminal process. Criminal records include records of protection orders, sex offender registries, and other records of contacts with the justice system.

Accurate, timely, and complete criminal history records:

  • Enable States to immediately identify persons who are prohibited from firearm purchase or are ineligible to hold positions of responsibility involving children, the elderly, or the disabled.
  • Enable criminal justice agencies to make decisions on pretrial release, career criminal charging, determinate sentencing, and correctional assignments.
  • Are critical to assist law enforcement in criminal investigations and decision making.
  • Are required for background checks for national security, employment, licensing, and related economic purposes, as required under recent legislation.

The FBI administers national systems which permit interstate access to criminal records maintained in all 50 States. These systems include:

  • National Instant Criminal Background Check System (NICS) Index
  • National Crime Information Center (NCIC)
  • Interstate Identification Index (III)
  • National Protection Order File
  • National Sex Offender Registry
  • Integrated Automated Fingerprint Identification System (IAFIS)


Through the National Criminal History Improvement Program, (NCHIP) BJS provides direct awards and technical assistance to the states and localities to improve the quality, timeliness, and immediate accessibility of criminal history records and related information. Complete records require that data from all components of the criminal justice system, including law enforcement, prosecutors, courts, and corrections be integrated and linked. NCHIP assists states to establish the integrated infrastructure which meets the needs of all components.

The NICS Act Record Improvement Program (NARIP) is intended to improve the completeness, automation, and transmittal of records used by the NICS to state and federal systems. Such records include criminal history records, records of felony convictions, warrants, records of protective orders, convictions for misdemeanor involving domestic violence and stalking, drug arrests and convictions, records of mental health adjudications, and others, which may disqualify an individual from possessing or receiving a firearm under federal law. Helping states and state court systems to automate these records will also reduce delays for law-abiding gun purchasers.

The State Justice Statistics Program (SJS) is designed to maintain and enhance each state's capacity to address criminal justice issues through the collection and analysis of data. The SJS Program provides limited funds to each state to coordinate statistical activities within the state, conduct research as needed to estimate impacts of legislative and policy changes, and serve a liaison role in assisting BJS to gather data from respondent agencies within their states.

The Criminal Justice Records Improvement (CJRI) Program is a federally funded program, the 5% Set Aside Program or Byrne Memorial Program (5% of the Drug Control System Improvement (DCSI) Formula Grant Program), that provides for a range of activities to upgrade or establish better data sharing and management of criminal history data. Projects carried out under this program have increased the capability of different CJIS agencies in managing and communicating CJIS data electronically and more efficiently.

 


{TOP of page} Contact Information

For questions or information regarding the administration of these grants or about upcoming meetings, please contact:

  • Linda DeConti, State Administering Agency (SAA) Contact
    Executive Branch Project Manager,
    linda.deconti@ct.gov or 860-418-6248
  • Mike Lawlor, OPM Under Secretary, mike.lawlor@ct.gov or 860-418-6394
 




Content Last Modified on 9/16/2011 3:36:42 PM