OPM: NCHIP

Connecticut Criminal Justice Data Improvement Programs

  {NCHIP - National Criminal History Improvement Programs}

{Photo Data Center}

{TOP of page} Program Description

The National Criminal History Improvement Program (NCHIP) was initiated in Fiscal Year (FY) 95 to implement the Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act.  In FY 96, the NCHIP expanded to implement the National Child Protection Act of 1993, and the National Stalker and Domestic Violence Reduction program.

The National Criminal History Improvement Program (NCHIP), is instrumental (1) in addressing record management of and access to data associated with and needed for firearm permitting to identify persons ineligible to purchase a firearm, and (2) in providing data to law enforcement personnel and others to ensure that persons with responsibility for child care, elder care, and care of the disabled do not have disqualifying criminal records, are subject to protection orders, or are wanted for stalking and domestic violence.

Since its inception, successive cooperative agreement awards (as they are called) and supplements have been made to the State. These awards are 100% Federal funds; no match is required.  Projects being carried out with NCHIP funding are integrated with all other criminal justice information system (CJIS) activities. 

Please go to NCHIP Projects for a brief description of each project in the context of all CJIS activities.


{TOP of page} Program Objective Statement

The National Criminal History Improvement Program (NCHIP) continues the U.S. Department of Justice efforts to build an accurate and useful national system of criminal records. Availability of complete computerized criminal records is vital for criminal investigations, prosecutorial charging, sentencing decisions, correctional supervision and release, and background checks for licensing, purchasing of handguns, and applying for child-care positions or other responsibilities involving children, the elderly and the disabled.

The NCHIP is administered by the Bureau of Justice Statistics, Office of Justice Programs, within the U.S. Department of Justice and implements a number of national programs.

The goal of the NCHIP grant program is to improve the nation's safety by:

  • facilitating the accurate and timely identification of persons who are ineligible to purchase a firearm;
  • ensuring that persons with responsibility for child care, elder care, or care of the disabled do not have disqualifying criminal records;
  • improving access to protection orders and records of people wanted for stalking and domestic violence; and
  • enhancing the quality, completeness, and accessibility of the nation's criminal history record systems.

The NCHIP is designed to assist states:

  • to meet timetables for criminal history record completeness and participation in the Federal Bureau of Investigation's (FBI) Interstate Identification Index (III) established for each state by the U.S. Attorney General;
  • to improve the level of criminal history record automation, accuracy completeness, and flagging;
  • to expand and enhance participation in the FBI's III and the National Instant Criminal Background Check System (NCIS);
  • to develop and implement procedures for accessing records of persons other than felons who are ineligible to purchase firearms;
  • to identify (through interface with the National Incident Based Reporting System [NIBRS] where necessary) records of crimes involving use of a handgun and/or abuse of children, elderly, or disabled persons;
  • to identify, classify, collect, and, maintain (through interface with the National Crime Information Center [NCIC] and III where necessary) protection orders, warrants, arrests, and convictions of persons violating protection orders intended to protect victims of stalking and domestic violence; and
  • to ensure that States develop the capability to monitor and assess State programs in meeting legislative and programmatic goals.

{TOP of page} Eligibility

Under the NCHIP, states are eligible applicants. Only one application accepted from a state. The application must be submitted by the agency designated by the Governor. State may receive successive awards over time, assuming the availability of funds.

 
 

{TOP of page} Grant Activity

Funding under the NCHIP was initiated in Federal Fiscal Year (FFY) 1995. The State of Connecticut has received successive NCHIP Cooperative Agreement Awards. These Awards, administered as supplements to the original award, have provided additional funding and grant extensions. The award amounts each FFY are:

FFY
Federal Award #
Total Award  
Federal Award  
% Match
1995
1995-RU-RX-K026
 $         3,352,968  $         3,352,968
0%
1996
1996-RU-RX-K010
 $            215,000  $            215,000
0%
2000
2000-RU-CX-K020
 $            700,000  $            700,000
0%
2001
2000-RU-CX-K020
 $            545,000  $            545,000
0%
2002
2000-RU-CX-K020
 $            518,000  $            518,000
0%
2004
2004-RU-BX-K012
 $         2,093,400  $         2,093,400
0%
2005
No Award
0  $                     -  
2006
2006-SK-BX-K004
 $            147,760  $            147,760
20%
2007
No Award
 $                    -    $                     -  
2008
2008-SK-BX-K008 
 $            230,528  $            230,528
20%
2008
2008-RU-BX-K009
 $            265,440  $            265,440
20%
2009
2009-RU-BX-K001
 $            319,040  $            319,040
20%
2010
2010-MU-BX-K028
 $            565,437  $            565,437
20%
2011
2011-MU-BX-K049
 $            596,760  $            596,760
10%
 $         9,549,333  $         9,549,333

 
 

Please refer to the table under Grant Activity, above, for the Cooperative Agreement Award period.

Composite applications for succeeding year funding are generally prepared during the months of June and July to respond to an application due date usually near the end of July. With this schedule, a supplemental award is usually made during the month of September. In addition, supplemental programs or redistribution of authorized federal funds may provide opportunities for additional funds within a fiscal year.


{TOP of page} Statutory References

The National Criminal History Improvement Program (NCHIP) implements grant provisions of the following Federal statutes which pertain to the establishment, maintenance, or use of criminal history records and criminal record systems:

Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act (the Brady Act), P.L. No. 103-159, 107 Stat. 1536 (1993), codified as amended at 18 U.S.C. 921 et seq.

National Child Protection Act of 1993 (the Child Protection Act), P.L. No. 103-209, 107 Stat. 2490 (1993), codified as amended at 42 U.S.C. 3759, 5101 note, 5119, 5119a, 5119b, 5119c

Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (Omnibus Act), as amended, P.L. No. 90-351, 82 Stat. 197 (1968), codified as amended at 42 U.S.C. 3711 et seq.

Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994 (Violent Crime Control Act), P.L. No. 103-322, 108 Stat. 1796 (1994), codified as amended at 42 U.S.C. 13701 et seq.

Jacob Wetterling Crimes Against Children and Sexually Violent Offender Registration Act (the Jacob Wetterling Act), P. L. No. 103-322, 108 Stat. 2038 (1994), codified as amended at 42 U.S.C. 14701 et seq.

Violence Against Women Act (National Stalker and Domestic Violence Reduction Program, Section 40602), P.L. No. 103-322, 108 Stat. 1902-1955 (1994), codified as amended at 42 U.S.C. 14031 et seq.

{TOP of page} Regulatory References

None.


{TOP of page} Funding Source(s)

The NCHIP grant program is generally funded with 100% federal funds with no state funding match requirements. However, in recent years this changed to 20% state matching funds, then reduced to 10% match and with the submission of the NIAA Estimates that exceed 90% compliance with records being submitted to the federal systems. Please refer to the table under Grant Activity and the Statutory References, above, for the funding sources.

{TOP of page} Account Number

Please refer to the table under Grant Activity, above, for the Cooperative Agreement Award Number.

{TOP of page} Catalogue of Federal Domestic Assistance (CFDA) Number

16.554


{TOP of page} General Statement of Process

Law enforcement agencies, judicial process agencies, offender management agencies, and agencies supporting criminal justice information systems apply for project funds thorough the Office of Policy and Management, Policy Development and Planning Division.

A composite application is prepared from individual project applications for each of the grant programs. The composite application is developed in consideration of the integration of criminal justice data, available or potential funding, and the specific grant program requirements. Upon receipt of a grant award or funding for the composite application, individual project awards are made to the criminal justice agency of cognizance or the initiator of the project application. Overall grant administration is carried out by the Office of Policy and Management, Policy Development and Planning Division; the project awards are administered by the Office of Policy and Management.

The projects being carried out under the National Criminal History Improvement Program (NCHIP) are described in the descriptive materials associated with the Criminal Justice Information Systems(CJIS) program components. Please refer to the National Criminal History Improvement Program.





Content Last Modified on 9/16/2011 3:37:41 PM