Lyme disease is an important health concern in Connecticut. Since it was first recognized in the Lyme, Connecticut area in 1975, the Department of Public Health (DPH) has actively contributed to the understanding of this complex disease, as well as other tick-borne diseases. Through surveillance and research, the DPH has helped in the process of describing the disease, identifying those who are infected, and determining prevention methods.
Surveillance is a tool that is used to monitor the public health impact of diseases over time. The DPH has conducted surveillance for Lyme disease since 1984, although healthcare providers were not required to report cases until 1987. Surveillance methods have changed over time to improve completeness of reporting and to conduct research. These changes have had an effect on the epidemiology of the disease in Connecticut. Statistics over time show variation in the number of cases, and the demographics, symptoms, and seasonality of the disease. The incidence of disease is due to a number of factors including:
- Tick abundance
- Deer population
- Recognition of the disease
- Residence in a wooded area
- Potential for contact with ticks
- Physician reporting of disease
Lyme disease is transmitted through the bite of infected ticks, may not have any initial symptoms, can be difficult to diagnose, and requires active personal protection participation from you to remove ticks as soon as possible and do what you can to prevent tick bites.
Content Last Modified on 10/21/2013 4:09:26 PM