DEEP: Dwarf Wedgemussel

Dwarf Wedgemussel
Alasmidonta heterodon

Endangered
{External Shell of Dwarf Wedgemussel}
External Shell
{Internal shell, right valve of Dwarf Wedgemussel}
Internal shell, right valve
{Hinge teeth of Dwarf Wedgemussel}
Hinge teeth
Key Features
Size: Up to 1.5 inches, though usually around one inch.
Shape: Somewhat triangular or “wedge-shaped” at the posterior end, which is sometimes pointed. Adults are small and often exhibit much more shell erosion than comparably sized juveniles of other species.
Periostracum: Color yellowish-brown, olive-brown, or blackish-brown. Shell rays present but sparse, particularly in adults.
Lateral Teeth: Present but thin. Two on the right valve and one on the left valve, which is the opposite of all other North American freshwater mussel species that possess lateral teeth.
Pseudocardinal Teeth: Present. Two on the left valve and one on the right valve.
Nacre: Color usually bluish-white and somewhat iridescent along the posterior margin, sometimes with greenish or yellowish markings toward the beak cavity.

Often Confused With...
Creeper, brook floater, and triangle floater

Habitat
The dwarf wedgemussel is found in streams and rivers, where it prefers stable substrates in slow or moderate currents. In slow moving, sandy rivers it is often found near the banks among roots.

{Range Map of Dwarf Wedgemussel} Range in Connecticut
Though once distributed throughout parts of the Connecticut River and Quinnipiac River watersheds, it is now thought to exist in only a few Connecticut River tributaries.

Conservation
This is the only federally endangered freshwater mussel in New England. Historically, it was found in nearly 70 locations in 15 watersheds along the Atlantic seaboard, but its range and population sizes have dramatically decreased in the last century.

The Freshwater Mussels of Connecticut