DEEP: Four-toed Salamander

Four-toed Salamander

(Hemidactylium scutatum)

{Four-toed Salamander}

IDENTIFICATION: A small terrestrial salamander with a rough, reddish brown dorsum. The belly is enamel white, with black blotches, and the cylindrical tail has a distinct constriction at its base. Adults 45-85 mm in total length, females larger than males.

The four-toed salamander is Connecticut's smallest salamander. Although listed in Dowhan and Craig's (1976) book on rare and endangered species, subsequent fieldwork (Klemens, 1993) has demonstrated that this secretive salamander is quite widespread in the state, especially in sandy areas that contain its favored breeding habitat, red maple swamps with sphagnum tussocks. It appears to be less abundant in limestone areas of the state. Records are lacking from the northern and central portions of Litchfield County, as well as the Shepaug and Naugatuck river valleys.

Salamanders | Amphibians and Reptiles in Connecticut