Access to Jobs - Program to increase work-related transportation available to low-income individuals. The federal program is known as Job Access and Reverse Commute (JARC).
Americans with Disabilities Act - Federal legislation that contains several mandates, including the requirement that people with disabilities be given the same access to public transportation as the rest of the community. The ADA requires that paratransit service be provided for individuals with a transportation disability for trips with an origin and destination within 3/4 mile of fixed route bus service. These ADA services must be available during the same days and hours as the fixed route bus service.
Coordination - Cooperative arrangement between transportation providers and organizations needing transportation services. Coordination models can range in scope from shared use of facilities, training or maintenance to integrated brokerages or consolidated operations and dispatching.
Curb-to-Curb Service - Paratransit service where the transit vehicle picks up and discharges passengers at the curb or driveway in front of their home or destination. In curb-to-curb service the driver may assist the passenger onto the vehicle but does not assist the passenger along walks or steps to the door of the home or other destination.
Demand-Response Service (used interchangeably with Dial-a-Ride and Paratransit) - A type of transit service where individual passengers can request transportation from a specific location to another specific location at a certain time. Transit vehicles providing demand-response service do not follow a fixed route, but travel throughout the community transporting passengers according to their specific requests. These services usually, but not always, require advance reservations.
Door-to-Door Service - Paratransit service, which includes passenger assistance between the vehicle and the door of the home or other location. A higher level of service than curb-to-curb, yet not as specialized as a door-through-door service (where the driver can provide assistance inside a location).
Fixed Route - Transit service provided on a repetitive, fixed-schedule basis along a specific route, with vehicles stopping to pick up passengers at and deliver passengers to specific locations.
Human Services Transportation - Transportation related to the provision of human or social services. This includes transportation for the elderly and people with disabilities when the transportation is provided by an arrangement other than a public service available to all.
Match - State or local funds required by various federal or state programs to complement the primary agency's funds for a project. Match may also be required by states in funding projects which are joint state/local efforts. Some funding sources allow services, such as the work of volunteers, to be counted as an in-kind funding match. Federal programs normally require that match funds come from other than federal sources.
Mobility Management - Approach to transportation that maximizes resources through collaboration between transit providers and other agencies and organizations, with an emphasis on meeting users' needs. It uses all of the community resources to match customer demand for service with a wide range of available transportation resources, including not just public transit systems but also volunteers, private nonprofit organizations, and private businesses such as taxi services.
Ridesharing - A form of transportation, other than public transit, in which more than one person shares in the use of the vehicle, such as a van or car, to make a trip.