CHRO: Contract Compliance Regulations - Sec. 46a-68-1/30

Contract Compliance Regulations - Sec. 46a-68-1/30

Regulations - Sec. 46a-68-1/30

Regulations provided below are for informational purposes ONLY. For official citations please refer to the 
Regulations of Connecticut State Agencies.

REGULATIONS OF CONNECTICUT STATE AGENCIES
TITLE 46A. HUMAN RIGHTS
COMMISSION ON HUMAN RIGHTS AND OPPORTUNITIES
DESCRIPTION OF ORGANIZATION, RULES OF PRACTICE AND PERSONAL DATA REGULATIONS
EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY IN APPRENTICESHIP AND TRAINING

The Connecticut Regulations titles are current with
material published in Conn.L.J. through 1/8/02.


Sec. 46a-68-1. Scope and purpose

This regulation sets forth policies and procedures to promote equality of opportunity in State approved and registered apprentice training programs and to assure coordination with other state and federal equal opportunity statutes, including those enforced by the Connecticut commission on human rights and opportunities. These policies and procedures contained herein apply to the recruitment, selection, employment and training of apprentices. The procedures established provide for processing of complaints and for the deregistration of apprenticeship programs found to be operating in a discriminatory manner. This regulation promotes equal opportunity to encourage affirmative expansion of apprentice training opportunities for a larger number of labor force participants from those segments of the labor force where the need for upgrading levels of skill is greatest. Equality of opportunity in apprenticeship will be promoted by prohibiting discrimination based upon race, color, religious creed, marital status, national origin, ancestry, sex, mental retardation or physical disability, including but not limited to, blindness unless such disability prevents performance of the work involved in apprenticeship programs, and by requiring affirmative action to provide equal opportunity in such apprenticeship programs. Voluntary affirmative action in apprenticeship programs has also been approved and endorsed by the United States Supreme Court. The Connecticut labor department, and the Connecticut commission on human rights and opportunities all encourage the inclusion of persons of all ages.

(Effective March 19, 1982)

Sec. 46a-68-2. Definitions

(a) "Commissioner" means the principal administrator directing and controlling all of the labor department activities including the job service program within the employment security division and the apprentice program within the office of job training and skill development.
(b) "Department" means the state of Connecticut labor department. Those units that will be primarily responsible will be the labor department's office of job training and skill development, which administers the apprenticeship program, the Connecticut state apprenticeship council and the apprentice information centers.
(c) "Council" means the nine member Connecticut state apprenticeship council appointed by the governor with equal representation from labor, management and the public, including the deputy commissioner, who advise and recommend to the commissioner and the department standards of apprenticeship and policies of administration.
(d) "Apprenticeship program" shall mean a plan containing all terms and conditions for the qualification, recruitment, selection, employment and training of apprentices as defined by the commissioner's regulation for apprenticeship programs.
(e) "Sponsor" shall mean any duly established firm, association, committee, organization or corporation permanently located within the state of Connecticut with recognized capability to operate an apprenticeship program and in whose name the program is registered and approved.
(f) "Employer" shall mean any establishment which is party to an apprenticeship program employing an apprentice whether or not such establishment is a party to an apprenticeship agreement with the apprentice.
(g) "CHRO" shall mean the Connecticut commission on human rights and opportunities and its designated representatives administering fair employment practices under chapter 814 (c) of the Connecticut General Statutes, human rights and opportunities.
(h) "Race/ethnic and gender designations"
(1) White (not of Hispanic origin) a person having origins in any of the original peoples of Europe, North Africa or the Middle East.
(2) Minority
(a) Black (not of Hispanic origin): a person having origins in any of the Black racial groups of Africa.
(b) Hispanic: a person of Mexican, Puerto Rican, Cuban, Central or South America or other Spanish culture or origin, regardless of race.
(c) Asian or Pacific Islander: a person having origins in any of the original peoples of the Far East, Southeast Asia, Indian Subcontinent or the Pacific Islands. The area includes, for example, China, Japan, Korea, the Philippine Islands and Samoa.
(d) American Indian or Alaskan Native: a person having origins in any of the original peoples of North America, and who maintains cultural identification through tribunal affiliation or community recognition.
(3) Female - as referred to in this regulation means either minority or non- minority women.
(i) "Eligibility pools" means a grouping of applicants who meet the qualifications of minimum legal working age; or a grouping of applicants who meet lawful qualification standards in addition to the minimum legal working age, provided that such pool shall be composed of applicants so qualified sufficiently representative of members of protected classes in order to make possible the achievement of goals and timetables.
(j) "Affirmative action" includes procedures, methods and programs, including projection of specific goals and timetables, which encourage the expansion of training opportunities and involve larger numbers of participants from those segments of the labor force where the need for upgrading is the greatest. It includes procedures, methods and programs for the identification, recruitment and training of present and potential minority and female apprentices. It is action which will equalize opportunity in state approved and registered apprentice programs and is not merely passive nondiscrimination.
(k) "Good faith efforts" are a program sponsor's actions to fulfill commitment to achievement of equal opportunity in the recruitment, selection, training and employment of apprentices, its actions to comply with the provisions of its written affirmative action plan and the attainment of its goals. Each case in which good faith efforts are in question shall be considered separately on its merits.
(l) "Goal" means a numerical objective fixed realistically in term of the number of vacancies expected within the sponsor's projected business conditions and planning, keyed to the availability of qualified applicants. A goal shall not be interpreted as a quota.
(m) "Timetable" means a specific reasonable period of time established by the sponsor to measure results within the sponsor's affirmative action plan.

(Effective March 19, 1982)

Sec. 46a-68-3. State of Connecticut authority

The authority for the implementation and adoption of these equal opportunity/affirmative action policies and procedures is vested in the commissioner under section 31-51d.  * Further authority for promotion and enforcement of equal employment opportunities is contained in section 46a- 72 (d) (formerly section 4-61e(c)), section 46a-75 (formerly section 4-61h), and section 46a-68 (formerly section 4-61s) of the Connecticut General Statutes in order to comply with all responsibilities under the provisions of the Connecticut human rights and opportunities law, Conn. Gen. Stat. chapter 814 (c).

(Effective March 19, 1982.)

* Which requires development of skill training opportunities for disadvantaged workers by inclusion thereof in apprenticeship agreements.

Sec. 46a-68-4. Equal opportunity standards

(a) Obligations of sponsors. Each sponsor of an apprenticeship program agrees to:
(1) Recruit, select, employ and train apprentices during their apprenticeship without discrimination because of race, color, religious creed, sex, mental retardation, marital status, national origin, ancestry, or physical disability, including, but not limited to blindness.
(2) Uniformly apply rules and regulations concerning apprentices, including but not limited to equality of wages, periodic advancement, promotion, assignment of work, job performance, rotation among all work processes of the trade, imposition of penalties or other disciplinary action and all aspects of the administration of the apprenticeship program; and
(3) Adopt an affirmative action plan as required by this regulation and to take affirmative action to provide equal opportunity in apprenticeship.
(b) Equal opportunity pledge. Each sponsor of an affirmative action program agrees to include in its standards and its announcement for apprentice openings the following pledge: "The recruitment, selection, employment and training of apprentices during their apprenticeship shall be without discrimination because of race, color, religious creed, sex, mental retardation, marital status, national origin, ancestry or physical disability, including but not limited to, blindness. The sponsor will take affirmative action to provide equal opportunity in applicable laws and regulations."
(c) Programs presently registered and newly registered sponsors. Such programs and sponsors shall, within 60 days of the effective date of these regulations, take the following action:
(1) Assure inclusion in the standards of its apprenticeship program the equal opportunity pledge in section 46a-68-4 (b).
(2) Adopt and implement an affirmative action plan as required by these regulations, unless section 46a-68-4 (d) applies.
(3) Adopt and implement a selection procedure as required by these regulations.
(4) Submit the requested documentation to the department, including, copies of its standards, affirmative action plan and selection procedure.
(5) Make documents which support the above available at the worksite for inspection and review by the department.
(d) Sponsors subject to federal laws and executive orders shall be judged in compliance with the requirements of this regulation pertaining to recruitment standards, affirmative action plans and selection procedures if it submits to the department satisfactory evidence that it is already subject to a federal equal employment opportunity program. Satisfactory evidence is defined as a letter from the sponsor's federal compliance review agency indicating that the sponsor's equal employment opportunity program has been reviewed and has been found to be in compliance with federal laws and executive orders. Alternatively, if a letter from the federal compliance review agency is unavailable, the sponsor shall send a letter to the department indicating that it has developed an equal employment opportunity program pursuant to appropriate federal laws and executive orders, that to the best of its knowledge it is in compliance with said laws and executive orders.
(e) Programs with fewer than a total of five apprentices. A sponsor of a program in which fewer than a total of five apprentices are employed shall not be required to adopt an affirmative action plan under section 46a-68-5 or a selection procedure under section 46a-68-6 provided that such program was not adopted to circumvent, and does not have the effect of circumventing, the requirements of this regulation. Exceptions to this requirement may be granted in accordance with section 46a-68-16.

Sec. 46a-68-5. Affirmative action plans

(a) Adoption of affirmative action plans. A sponsor's commitment to equal opportunity in recruitment, selection, employment and training shall include the adoption of a written affirmative action plan as required by this regulation.
(b) Outreach and positive recruitment. Acceptable affirmative action plans should include provisions for outreach and positive recruitment that would reasonably be expected to increase minority and female participation in apprenticeships by expanding the opportunities of minorities and females to become eligible for apprenticeship selection.
Each sponsor shall effectively communicate its equal opportunity policy in such a manner as to foster understanding, acceptance and support among the sponsor's various officers, supervisors, employees and members and to encourage such persons to take the necessary action to aid the sponsor in meeting its obligations under these regulations.
Each sponsor shall disseminate information concerning the nature of apprenticeship requirements, availability of apprenticeship opportunities, sources of applications and explanation of the equal opportunity policy of the sponsor. Such information shall be given as openings in the program arise, to the department and the Connecticut apprenticeship information job service network, which in turn will disseminate it to local schools, women's centers, outreach programs, the permanent commission on the status of women and community organizations which can effectively reach minorities and females in the sponsor's labor market area.
In recognition of the fact that the scope of a particular affirmative action plan will be determined by the size of the apprenticeship program and the amount of a particular sponsor's resources, any individual sponsor will not necessarily be requested to take specific steps in all the areas listed below. However, the affirmative action plan shall set forth those specific steps the sponsor does intend to take. Suggested actions follow:
(1) Each sponsor may cooperate with local school boards and vocational educational systems to develop programs for preparing students to meet the standards and criteria required to qualify for entry into apprenticeship programs.
(2) Each sponsor may make provision in its affirmative action program that those who complete pre-apprenticeship and preparatory trade training programs are afforded equal opportunity to participate in the sponsor's apprentice training program. It is understood that the completion of such training programs in no way confers favored status upon such applicants, and that those eventually selected for the apprenticeship program will be selected on the basis of merit.
(3) Each sponsor may utilize journeypersons to assist in the implementation of the affirmative action program.
(4) Each sponsor may grant advanced standing or credit on the basis of previously acquired experience, training, skills or aptitude for program applicants.
(5) Each sponsor may admit to apprenticeship programs persons whose age exceeds the usually preferred maximum age for admission to the program providing such individuals possess equal skills and aptitudes as those applicants whose age does not exceed the usually preferred maximum age.
(6) Each sponsor may take any other action needed to ensure the implementation of the objectives of its affirmative action program. Nothing in this section is meant to perform any violation of an existing, valid collective bargaining agreement, so long as such collective bargaining agreement was not written to circumvent or discourage affirmative action in apprenticeship programs and so long as such collective bargaining agreement does not have the effect of circumventing or discouraging affirmative action in apprenticeship programs.
(c) Department obligations. The department will provide technical assistance in the development and maintenance of a suitable affirmative action plan. Specifically, the department will:
(1) Provide a model affirmative action plan to be modified to meet the sponsor's employment situation.
(2) Provide, on at least an annual basis, the availability data necessary to maintain and update a sponsor's affirmative action plan.
(3) Provide individual counseling by department personnel to program sponsors with specific problems in the affirmative action plans upon request of such sponsors.
(4) Provide, through its offices, information on a pool of qualified applicants in the geographical area of any program sponsor.
(5) Expand its apprentice information system advisory and coordinating committee to include persons representing community-level organizations and apprenticeship outreach agencies as well as representatives of industry program sponsors.
(6) Expand the development of programs with the state department of education, the state community college system, the state technical college system and local boards of education in establishing trade preparatory classes, work experience foundation studies and pre-apprenticeship training programs to prepare for apprenticeship.
(7) Promote, with program sponsors in selected trades, their participation in the state's apprentice scholarship program or other special projects.
(8) Continue to offer, within the limits of existing funding, financial assistance to program sponsors for special training needs.
(d) Goals and timetables. A sponsor shall establish goals and timetables in its affirmative action plan regarding the utilization of minorities and women (minority and non-minority). Goals and timetables shall be related to the following factors:
(1) The size of the working age minority and female population in the program sponsor's labor market area.
(2) The size of the minority and female labor force in the program sponsor's labor market area.
(3) The percentage of minority and female participation as apprentices in the particular craft.
(4) The percentage of minority and female participation as journey persons employed by the employer or employers participating in the program.
(5) The general availability of minorities and females with present or potential capacity for apprenticeship in the program sponsor's labor market area. Such capacity or potential capacity shall be determined in part by the experience of the department and other outreach agencies.
(e) Attainment of goals and timetables. The department recognizes that goals and timetables cannot be inflexibly established or achieved by program sponsors and that each sponsor's goals and timetables must be subject to periods of reevaluation and modification. Compliance with these regulations shall be determined by the department to the degree that (1) a sponsor has met its goals within its timetables or (2) failing that, it has made a good faith effort to meet its goals and timetables. "Good faith effort" shall be as defined in section 46a-68-2 (k). The department shall make all data relevant to minority and female labor force characteristics for the sponsor's labor market area, as specified in section 46a-68-5 (c), available to all program sponsors.

(Effective March 19, 1982)

Sec. 46a-68-6. Selection of apprentices

Each sponsor shall provide in its affirmative action program that the selection of apprentices shall be made under one of the methods specified in the following paragraphs (a) through (d) of this section, provided that the method chosen be appropriate and sufficient to the achievement of the sponsor's goals and timetables. Whichever method is adopted apprentices shall be selected on the basis of fair, objective and specific qualification standards stated in detail. If a sponsor's selection from the pool is not consistent with its goals and timetables, the sponsor shall be required to demonstrate that the qualification standards for selection are directly related to job performance.
(a) Selection for a pool of current employees. The sponsor may select apprentices from a representative eligibility pool of qualified applicants already employed by the program sponsor in a manner prescribed either by an existing collective bargaining agreement between the sponsor and its union or by the sponsor's established promotion policy.
(b) Selection from a pool of new applicants. The sponsor may select apprentices from a representative eligibility pool of qualified applicants established through public notice which allows at least a two week application period with at least a 30 day prior notice to the department. Applications may be received at any time prior to a public notice but all applicants must compete for selection preference at the same time. A new public notice and selection procedure may be established for each year's class of apprentices. All interested applicants must reapply.
(c) Selection from the department's pools. The sponsor may select apprentices from a representative eligibility pool of qualified applicants established by the department in conjunction with its apprenticeship information system. Each pool will be maintained by the department in cooperation with various apprentice outreach agencies. The department will assure that each pool contains qualified applicants representative of all affected classes. A goal of 20 percent minorities and 40 percent females is established for the pool.
(d) Alternative selection methods. The sponsor may select apprentices by any other method providing that the sponsor demonstrates good faith efforts within the intent of these regulations.
(e) Notification of applicants. Each applicant will be notified whether or not he has been admitted to the appropriate eligibility pool based on meeting the minimum requirements established by the program sponsor.

(Effective March 19, 1982.)

Sec. 46a-68-7. Record keeping

(a) Sponsors. Each sponsor shall keep the following records relevant to its apprenticeship program (1) the application of each applicant; (2) the qualifications of each applicant; (3) total applicants, applicants accepted and rejected by race, sex and physical disability; (federal reporting records may be used as a base format) (4) apprentice program information.
(b) Affirmative action plans. Sponsors shall review their affirmative action plans for apprenticeship on an annual basis and update them where necessary.
(c) Qualifications. Each sponsor must maintain evidence that its qualification standards and selection methods are in accordance with the requirement set forth in section 46a-68-6 herein.
(d) The department will assist the sponsor upon request in establishing the above selection and record keeping procedures.
(e) Records of the department. The department shall keep adequate records, including registration requirements, individual program standards and registration records, program compliance reviews and investigations and any other records pertinent to a determination of compliance with this regulation.
(f) Maintenance of records.
(1) Apprentice applications - Each sponsor shall keep all apprentice applications for at least a one-year period unless a complaint has been filed, in which case it will be retained until the matter is resolved through all possible appeals.
(2) Applicant flow data shall be submitted to the department by the sponsor prior to the disposal of applications.
(3) Program information - Information relevant to the operation of the apprenticeship program shall be maintained for a period of one year subsequent to the term of the apprenticeship agreement unless a complaint has been filed, in which case pertinent records will be retained until the matter is resolved through all possible appeals.

(Effective March 19, 1982.)

Sec. 46a-68-8. Compliance reviews

(a) Conduct of compliance reviews. The department will conduct regular reviews of apprenticeship programs to insure compliance with these regulations. Compliance reviews shall be of two types:
(1) A regular audit of each sponsor's program to be conducted as often as department resources and personnel allow, but not more than once in any 12- month period.
(2) A special audit to be conducted when the department has reason to believe such review is warranted. In both cases, the program sponsor will be notified at least one week in advance of the audit so that a mutually convenient appointment can be arranged.
(b) Where a compliance review indicates that the sponsor is not operating in accordance with this regulation, the department shall notify the sponsor in writing of the results of the review and make a reasonable effort to secure voluntary compliance on the part of the program sponsor within a reasonable time before undertaking sanctions under section 46a-68-12. In case of sponsors seeking new registration, the department will provide appropriate recommendations to the sponsor to enable it to achieve compliance for recognition purposes.

(Effective March 19, 1982.)

Sec. 46a-68-9. Non-compliance with equal opportunity requirement

A consistent pattern or practice of non-compliance by a sponsor (or where the sponsor is a joint apprenticeship committee, by one of the parties represented on such committee) with federal and state laws or regulations requiring equal opportunity may be grounds for the imposition of sanctions in accordance with section 12 if such compliance is related to the equal employment opportunity of apprentices and/or graduates of such an apprenticeship program under this regulation. When such a pattern or practice is determined not to be in compliance with applicable laws and regulations, the department shall notify the sponsor that it will be given 60 days to bring its program into compliance with these laws and regulations. The sponsor shall take affirmative steps to assist and cooperate with employees and unions in voluntarily fulfilling their equal opportunity obligations.

(Effective March 19, 1982.)

Sec. 46a-68-10. Complaint procedure

(a) Any apprentice or applicant for apprenticeship who believes that he or she has been discriminated against on the basis of race, color, religion, creed, sex, mental retardation, marital status, national origin, ancestry or physical disability, including but not limited to blindness, with regard to apprenticeship or that the equal opportunity standards with respect to his or her selection have not been followed in the operation of an apprenticeship program may, alone, or through an authorized representative, file a complaint with the department. The complaint shall be in writing and shall be signed by the complainant. It must include the name, address and telephone number of the person allegedly discriminated against, the program sponsor involved, and a brief description of the circumstances of the failure to apply the equal opportunity standards provided for in this regulation.
(b) The department will immediately refer all such discrimination complaints to the Connecticut commission on human rights and opportunities for the filing of a separate complaint with that commission pursuant to Conn. Gen. Stat. chapter 814 (c). The department will use its good offices to resolve its complaint on an informal basis. All apprenticeship complaints received by the Connecticut commission on human rights and opportunities will be referred to the department to resolve on an informal basis. If the department is not able to resolve complaints informally, the Connecticut commission on human rights and opportunities will implement its regular complaint procedure on the separate complaint filed with it under chapter 814 (c). If the department is a able to resolve the complaint, the Connecticut commission on human rights and opportunities will determine whether the resolution of the complaint complies with the Connecticut human rights and opportunities law, and will resolve its separate complaint in a manner appropriate to that determination.
(c) The department will notify all applicants and apprentices of the above complaint procedure.

(Effective March 19, 1982.)

Sec. 46a-68-11. Adjustments in schedules

If, in the judgment of the department, a particular situation warrants and re- requires special processing and either expedited or extended determination, it shall take the steps necessary to permit such determination if it finds that no person or party effected by such determination will be prejudiced by such special processing.

(Effective March 19, 1982.)

Sec. 46a-68-12. Sanctions

(a) Where the department, as a result of a compliance review or other reason, determines that there is reasonable cause to believe that an apprenticeship program is operating in a discriminatory manner, and corrective action has not been taken by the program sponsor, the department shall immediately undertake corrective action. If compliance is not forthcoming within a reasonable time, then the department shall immediately refer the matter and all pertinent information to the commission on human rights and opportunities for a determination through procedures conducted in accordance with chapter 814c.
(b) Deregistration proceedings shall be conducted either as a result of a compliance review conducted by the department, or as a result of a formal determination by the commission on human rights and opportunities. Deregistration shall be conducted in accordance with the procedures:
(1) The department shall notify the sponsor, in writing, that a determination of discriminatory practices has been made and that the apprenticeship program will be deregistered based on the compliance review conducted by the department or a formal determination of the commission on human rights and opportunities.
(2) In each case which deregistration is ordered, the department shall make public notice of the order and shall notify the sponsor and the complainant, if any, and the United States labor department. The department shall inform any sponsor whose program has been deregistered that it may appeal such deregistration to the secretary in accordance with the procedures in federal regulations, 29 CFR 30.15.

(Effective March 19, 1982.)

Sec. 46a-68-13. Reinstatement of program registration

Any apprenticeship program deregistered pursuant to this regulation may be reinstated upon presentation of adequate evidence to the department that the apprenticeship program will opperate in accordance with this regulation in a non-discriminatory manner. Adequate evidence shall include, but not limited to, a showing that the deficiency has been corrected, either by means of make- whole relief, prospective relief, or such other relief as shall be necessary to operate the program in a nondiscriminatory manner.

(Effective March 19, 1982.)

Sec. 46a-68-14. Intimidatory or retaliatory acts

Any intimidation, threat, coercion, or retaliation by or with the approval of any sponsor against any person or persons for the purposes of interfering with a right or privilege secured by Title VII of the Civil Rights Acts of 1964, as amended, Executive Order 11246, as amended, Conn. Gen. Stat. sec. 46a-60 (a)(4), or because he or she had made a complaint, testified, assisted or participated in any manner in any investigative proceedings or hearings under this regulation or under the regulations issued by the commission on human rights and opportunities pursuant to Connecticut's human rights and opportunities laws shall be considered noncompliance with the equal opportunity standards of this regulation. The identity of complainants shall be kept confidential except to the extent necessary to carry out the purpose of this regulation including the conduct of any investigation, hearing or judicial proceeding arising therefrom.

(Effective March 19, 1982.)

Sec. 46a-68-15. Nondiscrimination

The commitments contained in the sponsor's affirmative action program are not intended and shall not be used to discriminate against any qualified applicant or apprentice on the basis of race, color, religion, creed, national origin, sex, mental retardation, marital status, ancestry or physical disability, including but not limited to blindness.

(Effective March 19, 1982.)

Sec. 46a-68-16. Requests for exemption

Requests for exemptions from these regulations, or any part thereof, shall be made in writing to the commissioner and shall contain a statement of reasons supporting the request. The department shall consult with the commission on human rights and opportunities before granting such requests. Exemptions may be granted for good cause shown. The department shall notify the United States Labor Department of any such exemptions granted affecting a substantial number of employees and the reason therefor.

(Effective March 19, 1982.)

Sec. 46a-68-17. Cooperation with the commission on human rights and opportunities

The department, pursuant to the statutory obligation of Conn. Gen. Stat. Sec. 46a-77, shall cooperate with the commission on human rights and opportunities in its enforcement of the requirements of this section and other applicable provisions of state and federal equal opportunity law. The commission on human rights and opportunities will cooperate with the department's efforts to enforce this section and to otherwise comply with the requirements of state and federal equal opportunity law.

(Effective March 19, 1982.)

Secs. 46a-68-18 to 46a-68-29. [Reserved.]

Sec. 46a-68-30. [Repealed]





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