Department of Environmental Sciences
The Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station
123 Huntington Street
P.O. Box 1106
New Haven, CT 06504
Voice: (203) 974-8487 Fax: (203) 974-8502
Dr. Molaei has expertise in the areas of molecular biology, physiology, genetics, vector biology, epidemiology of vector-borne and zoonotic diseases.
Ph.D., Molecular biology and physiology, University of Toronto, Canada, 2004
M.Sc., Vector-borne diseases and medical entomology, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Iran 1991
B.Sc., Entomology, University of Tehran, Iran, 1985
Agricultural Scientist, 2017-Current
Associate Agricultural Scientist, 2014-2017
Assistant Agricultural Scientist II, 2006-2014
Postdoctoral Agricultural Scientist, 2004-2006
Insect Sterile Techniques (S.I.T.) in collaboration with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); epidemiology of malaria and behavioral ecology of malaria vectors in collaboration with the World Health Organization / Tropical Diseases Research (WHO / TDR); molecular biology of refractoriness response in Anopheles gambiae, the major vector of malaria in Sub-Saharan Africa to plasmodium parasites; Drosophila genetics and molecular biology; insect neurotransmission and physiology, biogenic amines and their respective receptors in insects’ visceral muscle.
During the last few decades, vector-borne diseases have resurged dramatically. Several millions of new cases occur each year with devastating impacts on human and animal lives and economies. According to the World Health Organization, about 10% of the total global burden of diseases is due to those transmitted by arthropod vectors. Dr. Molaei’s research activities and interests are in the areas of vector-borne diseases with emphasis on the vector-host interactions as an essential element in transmission. He makes use of molecular biology techniques to better understand epidemiology and ecology of West Nile and eastern equine encephalitis viruses with the goal of reducing the risk of infections in humans and domesticated animals. Dr. Molaei’s research in collaboration with scientists at the Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station and other institutions has revealed that while some mosquito vectors exhibit opportunistic blood feeding behavior, others show a great deal of specialization for feeding on only one group of vertebrate hosts. For some species, information is limited to a few locations that may be the reflection of host abundance rather than the innate preference. Clearly, the complexity of the vector-host interactions and its epidemiological relevance require further investigations.
Selected publications available from author, Goudarz.Molaei@ct.gov others are available in PDF format
Williams SC, Little EAH, Stafford III KC, Molaei G, Linske MA. 2018. Integrated Control of Juvenile Ixodes scapularis Parasitizing Peromyscus leucopus in Residential Settings in Connecticut, United States. Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases, Volume 9, Issue 5, July 2018, Pages 1310-1316.
Anderson JF, Armstrong PM, Misencik MJ, Bransfield AB. ,Andreadis TG, and G Molaei. 2018. Seasonal Distribution, Blood-Feeding Habits, and Viruses of Mosquitoes in An Open-Faced Quarry in Connecticut, 2010 and 2011. Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association, 34:1–10. http://mosquito-jamca.org/doi/pdf/10.2987/17-6707.1 (PDF) Molaei G, AH Little. 2018. A nine-legged tick: Report of a morphological anomaly in the blacklegged tick, Ixodes scapularis (Acari: Ixodidae) from the northeastern United States. Tick and Tick-Borne Diseases (2018), https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ttbdis.2018.03.003. Molaei G, TG Andreadis, JF Anderson, KC Stafford III. An Exotic Hitchhiker: A Case Report of Importation into Connecticut from Africa of the Human Parasitizing Tick, Hyalomma truncatum (Acari: Ixodidae). Journal of Parasitology (2018), http://www.journalofparasitology.org/doi/10.1645/18-13. Williams SC, KC Stafford III, G Molaei, MA Linske. Integrated control of Ixodes scapularis: Effectiveness of white-tailed deer reduction, the entomopathogenic fungus Metarhizium anisopliae, and fipronil-based rodent bait boxes. Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases (2017), DOI: 10.1089/vbz.2017.2146 (PDF) Stafford III KC. SC. Williams, G. Molaei. Integrated Pest Management in Controlling Ticks and Tick-Associated Diseases. Journal of Integrated Pest Management, (2017) 8(1): 28; 1–7 doi: 10.1093/jipm/pmx018 (PDF) Soghigian J. G. Ridge. K. Stafford, Goudarz Molaei. The First Evidence of Nanism in Ixodes (Ixodes) scapularis
(Acari: Ixodidae), Found Parasitizing a Human Host. Journal of Medical Entomology (2017) 2017, 1–5 doi: 10.1093/jme/tjx111. (PDF)
Shepard JJ, TG Andreadis, MC Thomas, G Molaei. 2016. Host Associations of Mosquitoes at Eastern Equine Encephalitis Virus Foci in Connecticut, USA. Parasites and Vectors (2016) 9:474 DOI 10.1186/s13071-016-1765-1 (PDF) Molaei G,
MC Thomas, Tim Muller, Jan Medlock, JJ Shepard, PM Armstrong, TG Andreadis.
2016. Vector-Host Interactions in Avian Communities in Four Eastern Equine
Encephalitis Virus Foci in the Northeastern U.S. PLOS Neglected Tropical
Diseases, (2016), DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0004347 (PDF)
G, PM Armstrong, A
Graham, LD Kramer, TG Andreadis. 2015. Insights into the Recent Emergence and
Expansion of Eastern Equine Encephalitis Virus in a New Focus in the Northern
New England USA. Parasites & Vectors: (2015) 8:516 DOI:
Molaei G, PM Armstrong, CFAbadam, KI Akaratovic, JP Kiser, TG
Andreadis. 2015. Vector-Host Interactions of Culiseta
melanura in a Focus of Eastern Equine Encephalitis Virus Activity in
Southeastern Virginia. PLoS One: DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0136743 (PDF)
Huang S, DJ Smith, G. Molaei, TG Andreadis, SE Larsen, EF Lucches. 2013. Prevalence of Dirofilaria immitis (Spirurida: Onchocercidae) Infection in Aedes, Culex, and Culiseta Mosquitoes From North San Joaquin Valley, CA. Journal of Medical Entomology 50: 1315-1323. (PDF)
Molaei G, TG Andreadis, PM Armstrong, MC Thomas, T Deschamps, E Cuebas-Incle, W Montgomery, M Osborne, S Smole, P Matton, W Andrews, C Best, F Cornine III, E Bidlack and T Texeira. 2013. Vector-host interactions and epizootiology of eastern equine encephalitis virus in Massachusetts, USA. Vector-borne and Zoonotic Diseases. (PDF)
Goudarz Molaei, Shaoming Huang and Theodore G. Andreadis. 2012. Vector-host interactions of Culex pipiens complex in Northeastern and Southwestern USA. Journal of American Mosquito Control Association. (PDF)
Jennifer E. Simpson, Paul J. Hurtado, Jan Medlock, Goudarz Molaei, Theodore G. Andreadis, Alison P. Galvani, and Maria A. Diuk-Wasser. 2011. Vector host-feeding preferences drive transmission of multi-host pathogens: West Nile virus as a model system. Proceedings of The Royal Society B, Biological Sciences. (PDF)
Huang S, Molaei G, Andreadis TG. 2011. Reexamination of Culex pipiens hybridization zone in the eastern United States by ribosomal DNA-based single nucleotide polymorphism markers. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. (in press)
Molaei G, Cummings RF, Su T, Armstrong PM, Williams GA, Cheng ML, Webb JP, Andreadis TG. 2010. Vector-host interactions governing epidemiology of West Nile virus in southern California. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. 83: 1269-1282. (PDF)
Diuk-Wasser MA, Molaei G
, Simpson JE, Folsom CM, Armstrong PM, Andreadis TG. 2010. Avian communal roosts as amplification foci for West Nile virus in urban areas in northeastern United States. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene.
82: 337-343. (PDF
Molaei G. 2009. Measures urgently required to prevent multiple submissions.
Nature 461: 723. (PDF
Molaei G, Farajollahi A, Armstrong PM, Oliver J, Howard JJ, Andreadis TG. 2009. Identification of blood meals in Anopheles quadrimaculatus and Anopheles punctipennis from eastern equine encephalitis virus foci in northeastern USA. Medical and Veterinary Entomology 23: 350-356.
, Farajollahi A, Scott JJ, Gaugler R, Andreadis TG. 2009. Human blood feeding by the recently introduced mosquito, Aedes japonicus japonicus
(Diptera: Culicidae), and public health implications. Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association
25: 210–214. (PDF
Huang S, Hamer GL, Molaei G
, Walker ED, Goldberg TL, Kitron UD, Andreadis TG. 2009. Genetic variation and blood-feeding pattern of Culex pipiens
, the major vector of West Nile virus. Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases
Huang S, Molaei G
, Andreadis TG. 2008. Genetic insights into the population structure of Culex pipiens
(Diptera: Culicidae) in the northeastern united states by using microsatellite analysis. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
79: 518-527. (PDF
- Molaei G, Andreadis TG, Armstrong PM, Diuk-Wasser M. 2008. Host-feeding patterns of potential mosquito vectors in Connecticut, USA: molecular analysis of blood meals from twenty-three species of Aedes, Anopheles, Culex, Coquillettidia, Psorophora, and Uranotaenia. Journal of Medical Entomology 45:1143-1151. (PDF)
, Andreadis TG, Armstrong PM, Bueno R Jr, Dennett JA, Real SV, Sargent C, Bala A, Randle Y, Guzman H, Travassos da Rosa A, Wuithiranyagool T, Tesh RB. 2007. Host feeding pattern of Culex quinquefasciatus
Say (Diptera: Culicidae) and its role in transmission of West Nile virus in Harris County, Texas. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
77: 73-81. (PDF
, Andreadis TG. 2006. Identification of avian- and mammalian-derived blood meals in Aedes vexans
and Culiseta melanura
(Diptera: Culicidae) and its implication for West Nile virus transmission in Connecticut, USA. Journal of Medical Entomology
43: 1088-1093. (PDF
, Oliver J, Andreadis TG, Armstrong PM, Howard JJ. 2006. Molecular identification of blood-meal sources in Culiseta melanura
and Culiseta morsitans
from an endemic focus of eastern equine encephalitis virus in New York. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
75: 1140-1147. (PDF
, Andreadis TG, Armstrong PM, Anderson JF, Vossbrinck CR. 2006. Host feeding patterns of Culex
mosquitoes and West Nile virus transmission, Northeastern United States. Emerging Infectious Diseases
12: 468-474. (PDF
Molaei G, Paluzzi JP, Bendena WG, Lange AB. 2005.
Isolation, cloning, and tissue distribution of a putative octopamine/tyramine receptor gene from the African Migratory Locust, Locusta migratoria. Archives of Insect Biochemistry and physiology
59: 132-149. (PDF
Molaei G. 2004. Genetic Markers for the Third Chromosome of Anopheles gambiae Giles (Diptera: Culicidae). J. Animal Vet. Advances 3: 758-766.
, Lange AB. 2003. The association of serotonin with the alimentary canal of the African migratory locust, Locusta migratoria
: distribution, physiology, and pharmacological profile. Journal of Insect Physiology
49: 1073-1082. (PDF
Molaei (Mowlaii) G, Zaim M, Manouchehri AV, Motabar M, Edrissian GH. Ladoni H. Nazari M. 1991. Biting behavior of Anopheline mosquitoes in Ghasreghand, Baluchistan. Journal of Public Health 20: 1-4.
Content Last Modified on 7/5/2018 12:56:32 PM