OPM: Data Elements for Municipal Benchmarks
Municipal Financial Services


Exhibit 1 - Details Regarding Revenue Categories


The purpose of this exhibit is to provide a listing, although not an exhaustive list, of the types of revenues found in the major object revenue categories for Phase 2 implementation.

Property Taxes

Revenue derived from property taxes levied.  Below are the primary components of this revenue category.

Real Estate Tax Revenue

Revenue derived from taxes on real estate (property)

Personal Property Tax Revenue

Revenue derived from personal property taxes

Motor Vehicle Tax Revenue

Revenue derived from motor vehicle property taxes levied, including supplemental levies

Interest on Current Levy

Interest and penalty charges collected on the current year property tax levy that was not paid by the due date

Interest on Prior Years' Levies

Interest and penalty charges collected on property taxes levied in prior years’ which were delinquent


Revenue derived from the state and federal government and other governmental entities.  There are typically a number of grants and other payments provided to a municipality on an annual basis.  Such grants and payments fall into one of the following general intergovernmental revenue categories.

  • state and federal grants to be used for a capital project or a capital related purpose;

  • state and federal grants to be used for a particular purpose related to the municipality’s operations;

  • payments made by the State government to reimburse a municipality for a portion of its property tax revenue lost (State PILOT payments);

  • state shared revenues commonly referred to as municipal revenue sharing, which are revenue collected by the State from various sources and then distributed to municipalities, typically as unrestricted revenues; and

  • other grants and payments provided that are not restricted to be expended for specific purposes.


The following are a list of some of the common grants provided to municipalities on an annual basis:


State PILOT Payments

Elderly and Veterans’ Exemptions Reimbursed by State

Pequot/Mohegan Fund Grants

Municipal Revenue Sharing

Telephone Access Line

Distressed Municipalities Grant

Education Cost Sharing

School Transportation-Public and Non-Public

Special Education Excess Cost Grant

Federal Title 1 Grants


Charges for Services

Revenues derived from services being performed.

Below are a list of some of the common fees charged by a municipality:

Recording Fees

Zoning and Subdivision Fees

FOI Fees – Revenues derived from Freedom of Information Act information requests.

Recording Fees

Library Use

Zoning and Subdivision Fees

Senior Center fees

Printing & Duplicating Fees

Recreation Fees

Park Fees

Admissions/Athletic Gate Receipts

Police Private Duty

Revenue from Enterprise Activities

Fire Private Duty

Revenue from Community Services Activities

Protective Inspection Fees

Zoo Fees

Sewage Charges

Building Use Fees

Street Sanitation Charges

Concession Fees

Refuse Collection Charges

Playground Fees

Vital Statistics

Pool Fees

Health and Inspection Fees

Golf Fees

Hospital Fees

Animal Control/Shelter fees

Clinic Fees

Licenses and Permits

Revenues derived from license and permitting fees.

Below are a list of some of the common fees collected from this revenue source:


Health Permits

Building Permits

Marriage Licenses

Pool Permits

Mechanical Permits

Plumbing Permits

Electrical Permits

Safety Permits

Hunting and Fishing Licenses


Fines & Special Assessments

Revenue derived from fines and special assessments.  Components of this revenue source includes court fines, library fines, public safety fines, and receipts from sewer assessments.


Rents and Royalties

Revenue for rental, use charges, and other income on real property held for investment purposes.  Components of this revenue source would include receipts generated from rents and building use fees on buildings and other real property owned by the municipality, and income received from cell towers owned by the municipality.


Investment Earnings

Revenue from short-term and long-term investments.  Components of this revenue source would include interest and dividends on investments, bank accounts, and other interest/dividend yielding instruments, gains recognized from sale of investments, and unrealized changes in the fair value of investments.


Other Financing Sources

Transactions that causes an increase in a municipality’s financial position but which are not considered revenues under generally accepted accounting principles.  Typical components would include proceeds generated from the issuance of bonds, proceeds generated from the sale of capital assets, interfund transfers in, and capital leases.


Other Revenues

Any source of receipts not identified above.  Revenue from conveyance taxes would be considered a component of this category.


Exhibit 2 – Municipal Expenditures by Functions and Departments

The UCOA developed by the State of Connecticut for its municipalities provides for the classification of municipal expenditures by function, whereby the related department expenditure activities aimed at accomplishing a major service or regulatory responsibility are grouped under the applicable expenditure functions.  However, mapping each and every department within each local municipal accounting system to its UCOA counterpart within the mapping tool was not deemed necessary in order to provide for effective analysis, reporting, and benchmarking.  The detailed departments in a given municipality were therefore mapped to logical, higher-level departments for Phase 2 Implementation.  The following are the identified department categories that were used for mapping and reporting, outlined by their associated functional expenditure categories:

Departments within General Government Function:

Departments within Public Safety Function:

Mapping Department Description

Mapping Department Description





Financial Administration

Other Public Safety

Planning & Zoning


Other General Government




Departments within Public Works Function:

Departments within Health & Welfare Function:

Mapping Department Description

Mapping Department Description


Public Health Admin

Highways and Streets

Social Services

Waste Collection

Other Health & Welfare

Other Public Works




Departments within Culture & Recreation Function:

Departments within Education Function:

Mapping Department Description

Mapping Department Description





Other Culture and Recreation




Departments within Debt Service Function:

Departments within Capital Outlay Function:

Mapping Department Description

Mapping Department Description

Other Debt Service

Capital Outlay



Departments within Other Function:

Departments within Transfers Function:

Mapping Department Description

Mapping Department Description



Exhibit 3 –Non-Financial Information Used in Municipal Benchmarks

Municipal Benchmarks includes certain non-financial information derived from State and Federal sources as indicated below.

Population:  The population figures presented in Municipal Benchmarks and used in the per capita presentations are as of July 1, 2014.  The July 1 figures are published annually by the Connecticut State Department of Public Health, as “Estimated Population in Connecticut as of July 1”.

Area in Square Miles:  The United States Census Bureau implemented a computerized mapping system to determine the area in square miles of municipalities.  This information was derived from the 2010 U.S. Census.

Miles of Roads:  The road miles information presented for each municipality is as of December 31, 2014 and was derived from the Connecticut State Dept. of Transportation.

Equalized Net Grand List:  The Equalized Net Grand List (ENGL) is the estimate of the market value of all taxable property in a municipality.  Municipalities revalue their Grand Lists based on schedules established by the Connecticut General Assembly (CGS 12-62).  Thus, there can be a marked difference between the market value of all property and the assessed value.  The information presented is derived from the State Office of Policy and Management (OPM) based upon the ENGL for grand list year 2012 as calculated by OPM based upon sales and assessment ratio information and grand list reports filed by each municipality.

School Enrollment:  School enrollment is the average daily membership (ADM), which represents pre-K through grade 12 resident students who are the educational and fiscal responsibility of the school district on October 1.  The ADM presented is derived from the Connecticut State Department of Education (SDE).  The information is for school year 2013-14 as determined by SDE.

Resident State Trooper ProgramThe Resident Trooper Program protects, maintains and enhances the quality of life for all in contracted communities by providing emergency response, policing services and proactive efforts in communities that do not employ full time police departments.  The list of municipalities participating in the program is provided.

Local Health Departments and Districts (Map of)

Public Safety Answering Points (Map of)

Content Last Modified on 7/21/2017 12:05:58 PM