CAES: Theodore G. Andreadis

Theodore G. Andreadis

  {AndreadisT}

Director
The Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station
123 Huntington Street
P.O. Box 1106
New Haven, CT 06504
Voice: (203) 974-8440 Fax: (203) 974-8502
E-mail: Theodore.Andreadis@ct.gov


Expertise:
Dr. Andreadis has expertise in the following: insects of medical and veterinary importance, insect pathology, microbial control of insects, mosquito biology, epidemiology of vector-borne diseases, electron microscopy, and the biology of microsporidia.

Education:
B.S., Wildlife & Fisheries Biology, University of Massachusetts at Amherst, 1972
M.S., Entomology, University of Massachusetts at Amherst, 1975
Ph.D., Entomology, University of Florida, 1978

Station career:
Assistant Entomologist II, 1978-1982
Associate Entomologist, 1982-1986
Entomologist, 1986-1992
Chief Medical Entomologist and Department Head, 1992-2013
Director, 2013-current

Past Research:
Mosquito defense mechanisms to nematode parasites.  Life cycle, ecology and epizootiology of microsporidian pathogens (Amblyospora, Edhazardia, Hyalinocysta,) of mosquitoes.  The biology and ecology of parasitic entomopathogens (fungal, viral, microsporidian) and parasitoids of the European corn borer, Ostrinia nubilalis, the Japanesese beetle, Popillia japonica, and the Colorado potato beetle, Leptinotarsa decemliniata.  Use of Bacillus thuringiensis for control of the gypsy moth, Lymantria dispar populations.  Epizootiology of Nosema pyrausta (Microsporidia), Ovavesicula popillae (Microsporidia), and ( Entomophaga maimaiga (Entomophthorales).  Epidemiology of mosquito-borne arboviruses (Eastern equine encephalitis, Jamestown Canyon, Cache Valley, West Nile virus).

Current research:
Mosquito ecology, epidemiology of vector-borne diseases, particularly West Nile virus, biology and evolutionary ecology of mosquito-parasitic microsporidia (Amblyospora, Hyalinocysta), microbial control of mosquitoes.

Selected publications available from author, Theodore.Andreadis@ct.gov others are available in PDF format.

1998

  • Andreadis, T. G., Anderson, J. F. and Tirrell-Peck, S. J.  1998.  Multiple isolations of Eastern equine encephalitis and Highlands J viruses from mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) during a 1996 epizootic in southeastern Connecticut. J. Med. Entomol. 35:296-302.  
  • Becnel, J. J. and Andreadis, T. G.  1998.  Amblyospora salinaria n. sp. (Microsporidia: Amblyosporidae): parasite of Culex salinarius (Diptera: Culicidae), its life stages in an intermediate host and establishment as a new species. J. Invertebr. Pathol. 71:258-262. (PDF)
  • Baker, M. D., Vossbrinck, C. R., Becnel, J. J. and Andreadis, T. G.  1998.  Phylogeny of Amblyospora (Microsporida: Amblyosporidae) and related genera based on small subunit ribosomal DNA data: a possible example of host parasite cospeciation. J. Invertebr. Pathol. 71:199-206.  (PDF Format) (PDF)
  • Vossbrinck, C. R., Andreadis, T. G. and Debrunner-Vossbrinck, B. A.  1998.  Verification of intermediate hosts in the life cycles of microsporidia by small subunit rDNA sequencing. J. Euk. Microbiol. 45:290-292.
1999
  • Andreadis, T. G.  1999.  Epizootiology Amblyospora stimuli (Microspora: Amblyosporidae) infections in field populations of a univoltine mosquito, Aedes stimulans (Diptera: Culicidae) inhabiting a temporary vernal pool J. Invertebr. Pathol. 74:198-205.  (PDF)
  • Anderson, J. F., Andreadis, T. G., Vossbrinck, C. R., Tirrell, S, Wakem, E. M., French, R. A., Garmendia, A. E. and Van Kruiningen, H. J.  1999.  Isolation of West Nile Virus from mosquitoes, crows, and a Cooper’s hawk in Connecticut.  Science, 286:2331-2333. (PDF)
  • Becnel, J. J. and Andreadis, T. G.  1999.  Microsporidia in insects.  pp. 447-501. In: M. Witter and L. M. Weiss (eds.), The Microsporidia and Microsporidiosis. American Society of Microbiology Press.
2000
  • Garmendia, A. E. Van Kruiningen, H. J., French, R. A, Anderson, J. F., Andreadis, T. G., Kumor, A and West, A. B.  2000.  Recovery and identification of West Nile virus from a hawk in winter. J. Cinical Microbiol. 38:3110-3111. (PDF)
2001
  • Andreadis, T. G., Anderson, J. F. and Vossbrinck, C. F.  2001.  Mosquito surveillance for West Nile virus in Connecticut, 2000: isolation from Culex pipiens, Culex restuans, Culex salinarius and Culiseta melanura. Emerg. Infect. Dis. 7:670-674. (PDF)
  • Andreadis, T. G., Anderson, J. F., Munstermann, L. E., Wolfe, R. J. and Florin, D. A.  2001.  Discovery, distribution and abundance of a newly introduced mosquito, Ochlerotatus japonicus (Diptera: Culicidae) in Connecticut, USA. J. Med. Entomol. 38:774-779. (PDF)
  • Anderson, J. F., Vossbrinck, C. F., Andreadis, T. G., Iton, A. Beckwith, W. H. and Mayo, D. R.  2001.  A phylogenetic approach to following West Nile virus in Connecticut. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. 98: 12885-12889. (PDF)
  • Anderson, J. F., Vossbrinck, C. F., Andreadis, T. G., Iton, A. Beckwith, W. H. and Mayo, D. R.  2001.  Characterization of West Nile virus from five species of mosquitoes, nine species of birds, and one mammal. Ann. NY Acad. Sci. 951:328-331.
  • Fonseca, D. M., Campbell, S., Crans, W. J., Mogi, M, Miyagi, I., Toma, T., Bullians, M., Andreadis, T. G., Berry, R. L. Pajac, B., Sardelis, M. and Wilkerson, R. C.  2001.  Aedes (Finlaya) japonicus (Diptera: Culicidae) a newly recognized mosquito in the USA: first analyses of genetic variation in the US and putative source populations. J. Med. Entomol. . 38:133-146.  (PDF)
  • Hadler, J., Nelson, R., McCarthy, T., Andreadis, T., Lis, M. J., French, R., Beckwith, W., Mayo, D., Archambault, G. and Cartter, M.  2001.  West Nile virus surveillance in Connecticut 2000: An Intense Epizootic without High Risk for Severe Human Disease. Emerg. Infect. Dis. 7:636-642. (PDF)
  • Micieli, M. V., Garcia, J. J. and Andreadis, T. G.  2001.  Epizootiological studies of Amblyospora albifasciati (Microsporidiida: Amblyosporidae) in natural populations of Aedes albifasciatus (Diptera: Culicidae) and Mesocyclops annulatus (Copepoda: Cyclopidae) in a transient floodwater habitat. J. Invertebr. Pathol. 77:68-74. (PDF)
2002
  • Andreadis, T. G.  2002.  Epizootiology of Hyalinocysta chapmani (Microsporidia: Thelohaniidae) infections in field populations of Culiseta melanura (Diptera: Culicidae) and Orthocyclops modestus (Copepoda: Cyclopidae): a three-year investigation. J. Invertebr. Pathol. 81:114-121 (PDF)
  • Andreadis, T. G. and Vossbrinck, C. F.  2002.  Life cycle, ultrastructure and molecular phylogeny of Hyalinocysta chapmani (Microsporidia: Thelohaniidae) a parasite of Culiseta melanura (Diptera: Culicidae) and Orthocyclops modestus (Copepoda: Cyclopidae). J. Euk. Microbiol. 49:350-364. (PDF)
  • 2003
  • Andreadis, T. G. 2003. A checklist of the mosquitoes of Connecticut with new state records. J. Am. Mosq. Control Assoc. 19:79-81. (PDF)
  • Andreadis, T. G., Becnel, J. J., and White, S. E. 2003. Infectivity and pathogenicity of a novel baculovirus, CuniNPV from Culex nigripalpus (Diptera: Culicidae) for fourteen species and four genera of mosquitoes. J. Med. Entomol. 40:512-517. (PDF)
  • Anderson, J. F., Main, A. J., Andreadis, T. G., Wikel, S. K. and Vossbrinck, C. R. 2003. Transstadial transfer of West Nile virus by four species of ixodid ticks (Acari: Ixodidae). J. Med. Entomol. 40:528-533. (PDF)
2004
  • Andreadis, T. G., Anderson , J. F., Vossbrinck, C. R. and Main , A. J.  2004.  Epidemiology of West Nile virus in Connecticut , USA :  a five year analysis of mosquito data 1999-2003. Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Dis. 4:360-378. (PDF)
  • Anderson, J. F., Andreadis, T. G., Main, A. J., and Kline, D. L.  2004.  Prevalence of West Nile virus in tree-canopy inhabiting Culex pipiens and associated mosquitoes. J. Trop. Med Hyg. 71: 112-119. (PDF)
  • Vossbrinck, C. R., Andreadis, T. G., Vavra, J. and Becnel, J.J.  2004.  Molecular phylogeny and evolution of mosquito parasitic Microsporidia (Microsporidia: Amblyosporidae). J. Euk. Microbiol. 51: 88-95. (PDF
2005 
  • Andreadis, T. G.  2005.  Evolutionary strategies and adaptations for survival between mosquito-parasitic microsporidia and their intermediate copepod hosts: a comparative examination of Amblyospora connecticus and Hyalinocysta chapmani (Microsporidia: Amblyosporidae). Folia Parasitol. 52: 23-35. (PDF
  • Andreadis, T. G., Thomas, M. C. and Shepard, J. J.  2005.  Identification guide to the mosquitoes of Connecticut . Conn. Agric. Exp. Stn. Bull. 966. 178pp. (PDF
  • Armstrong, P. M., Andreadis, T. G., Anderson, J. F. and Main, A. J.  2005.  Isolations of Potosi virus from mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) collected in Connecticut. J. Med. Entomol. 42:875-881. (PDF
  • Turell, M. J., Dohm, D. J., Sardelis, R., O’Guinn, M. L., Andreadis, T. G. and Blow, J. A.  2005.  An update on the potential of North American mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) to transmit West Nile virus. J. Med. Entomol. 42:57-62. (PDF)
  • Tuttle, A. D., Andreadis, T. G., Frasca, S. Jr. and Dunn, J. L.  2005.  Eastern equine encephalitis in a flock of African penguins maintained at an aquarium. J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc. 226:2059-2062. (PDF
2006
  • Anderson, J. F., Andreadis, T. G., Main, A. J., Ferrandino, F. J., and Vossbrinck, C. R.  2006.  West Nile virus from female and male mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) in subterranean, ground, and canopy habitats in Connecticut. J. Med. Entomol. 43: 1010-1019. (PDF
  • Armstrong, P. M. and Andreadis, T. G.  2006.  A new genetic variant of La Crosse (Bunyaviridae) isolated from New England. Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg. 75:491-496. (PDF
  • Diuk-Wasser, M. A., Brown, H. E., Andreadis, T. G. and Fish, D.  2006.  Modeling the spatial distribution of mosquito vectors for West Nile virus in Connecticut, USA. Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Dis. 6:283-295. (PDF
  • Molaei, G. and Andreadis, T. G.  2006.  Identification of avian- and mammalian-derived blood meals in Aedes vexans and Culiseta melanura (Diptera: Culicidae) and its implication for West Nile virus transmission in Connecticut, USA. J. Med. Entomol. 43:1088-1093. (PDF
  • Molaei, G., Andreadis, T. G., Armstrong, P. M., Anderson, J. F. and Vossbrinck, C. R.  2006.  Host feeding patterns of Culex mosquitoes and West Nile virus transmission, northeastern United States. Emerg. Infect. Dis. 12:468-474. (PDF
  • Molaei, G., Oliver, J., Andreadis, T. G., Armstrong, P. M., and Howard, J. J.  2006.  Molecular identification of blood meal sources in Culiseta melanura and Culiseta morsitans from an endemic focus of eastern equine encephalitis (EEE) virus in New York, USA.  Am. J. Trop. Med Hyg. 75:1140-1147. (PDF)
  • Shepard, J. J., Andreadis, T.G., Vossbrinck, C. R. 2006. Molecular Phylogeny and Evolutionary Relationships Among Mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) from the Northeastern United States Based on Small Subunit Ribosomal DNA (18S rDNA) Sequences.  J. Med. Entomol. 43:443-454. (PDF)
2007
  • Andreadis, T. G.  2007.  Microsporidian parasites of mosquitoes. In: T. G. Floore (ed.), Biorational Control of Mosquitoes, Bull. No. 7, Am. Mosq. Control Assoc. 23:3-29. (PDF)
  • Andreadis T. G. and Armstrong P. M.  2007.  A two-year evaluation of elevated canopy trapping for Culex mosquitoes and West Nile virus in an operational surveillance program in the northeastern United States.  J. Am. Mosq. Control Assoc. 23: 137-148. (PDF)
  • Anderson, J. F., Main, A. J. Ferrandino, F. J. and Andreadis, T. G.  2007.  Nocturnal activity of mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) in a West Nile focus in Connecticut. J. Med. Entomol. 44: 1102-1108. (PDF)
  • Armstrong, P. M. and Andreadis, T. G.  2007.  Genetic relationships of Jamestown Canyon virus strains infecting mosquitoes collected in Connecticut, USA. Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg. 77: 1157-1162. (PDF)
  • Linthicum, K. J., Anyamba, A., Britch, S. C., Chretien, J. P., Erickson, R. L., Small, J., Tucker, C. J., Bennett, K. E., Mayer, R. T., Schmidtmann, E. T., Andreadis, T. G., Anderson, J. F., Wilson, W. C., Freier, J. E., James, A. M., Miller, R. S., Drolet, B. S., Miller, S. N., Tedrow, C. A., Bailey, C. L., Strickman, D. A., Barnard, D. R., Clark, G. G., and Zou, L.  2007.  A Rift Valley fever risk surveillance system for Africa using remotely sensed data: potential for use on other continents. Vet. Ital. 43:663-674. (PDF)
  • Molaei, G., Andreadis, T. G., Armstrong, P. M., Bueno, R., Dennett, J., Bala, A., Randle, Y., Guzman, H., Da Rosa, A. T., Wuithiranyagool, T., and Tesh, R. B.  2007.  Host feeding pattern of Culex quinquefasciatus (Diptera: Culicidae) and its role in transmission of West Nile virus in Harris County, Texas. Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg. 77: 73-81. (PDF)
  • Vossbrinck, C. R. and Andreadis, T. G.  2007.  The phylogenetic position of Ovavesicula popilliae (Microsporidia) and its relationship to Antonospora and Paranosema based on small subunit rDNA analysis. J. Invertebr. Pathol. 96: 270-273. (PDF)
2008
  • Andreadis, T. G., Anderson, J. F., Armstrong, P. M. and Main, A. J.  2008.  Isolations of Jamestown Canyon virus (Bunyaviridae: Orthobunyavirus) from field-collected mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) in Connecticut, USA: a ten-year analysis, 1997 - 2006. Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Dis. 8:175-188. (PDF)
  • Armstrong, P. M., Andreadis, T. G., Anderson, J. F. and Mores, C. N.  2008.  Tracking eastern equine encephalitis virus perpetuation in the northeastern United States by phylogenetic analysis. Am. J. Trop. Med Hyg. 79:291-296. (PDF)
  • Brown, H. E., Diuk-Wasser, M. A., Andreadis, T. G. and Fish D.  2008.  Remotely-sensed vegetation indices identify mosquito clusters of West Nile virus vectors in an urban landscape in the northeastern US. Vector-Borne Zoonotic Dis. 8:197-206. (PDF)
  • Huang, S., Molaei, G., and Andreadis, T. G.  2008.  Genetic insights into the population structure of Culex pipiens (Diptera: Culicidae) in the northeastern United States by using microsatellite analysis. Am. J. Trop. Med Hyg. 79:518-527. (PDF)
  • Molaei, G., Andreadis, T. G., Armstrong, P. M., and Duik-Wasser, M.  2008.  Host-feeding patterns of potential mosquito vectors of arboviral agents in Connecticut, USA: molecular analysis of blood meals from twenty-three species of Aedes, Anopheles, Culex, Coquillettidia, Psorphora, and Uranotaenia. J. Med. Entomol. 45:1143-1151. (PDF)
  • Simakova, A. V., Vossbrinck, C. R. and Andreadis, T. G.  2008.  Molecular and ultrastructural characterization of Andreanna caspii n. gen., n. sp. (Microsporidia: Amblyosporidae) a parasite of Ochlerotatus caspius (Diptera: Culicidae). J. Invertebr. Pathol. 99:302-311. (PDF)
2009
  • Andreadis, T. G.  2009.  Failure of Aedes albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae) to overwinter following introduction and seasonal establishment at a tire recycling plant in the northeastern USA. J. Amer. Mosq. Control Assoc. 25: 25-31. (455.48kb, 7 pages, PDF Format)(PDF)
  • Huang, S., Hamer, G., L., Molaei, G., Walker, E., D., Goldberg, T., L., Kitron, U. D., and Andreadis, T. G.  2009.  Genetic variation associated with mammalian feeding in Culex pipiens from a West Nile virus epidemic region in Chicago, Illinois. Vector-Borne Zoonotic Dis. 9:637-642. (PDF)
  • Liu, A., Lee, V., Galusha, D., Slade, M., Diuk-Wasser, M., Andreadis, T., Scotch, M., and Rabinowitz, P.  2009.  Risk factors for human infection with West Nile virus in Connecticut: a multi-year analysis. Int. J. Health Geographics 8:67 doi:10.1186/1476-072X-8-67. (PDF)
  • Micieli, M. V., García, J. J. Andreadis, T. G.  2009.  Factors affecting horizontal transmission of the microsporidium Amblyospora albifasciati to its intermediate host, Mesocyclops annulatus. J. Invertebr. Pathol. 101:228-233. (PDF)
  • Molaei, G., Farajollahi, A., Scott, J. J., Gaugler, R., and Andreadis, T. G.  2009.  Human blood feeding by the recently introduced mosquito, Aedes japonicus japonicus (Diptera: Culicidae) and public health implications. J. Amer. Mosq. Control Assoc. 25:210-214. (PDF)
  • Molaei, G., Farajollahi, A., Armstrong, P. M., Oliver, J., Howard, J. J., and Andreadis, T. G.  2009.  Identification of blood meals in Anopheles quadrimaculatus and Anopheles punctipennis from eastern equine encephalitis virus foci in northeastern USA. Med. Vet. Entomol. 23:350-356. (PDF)
  • Simpson, J. E., Folsom-O’Keefe, C. M., Childs, J. E., Simons, L. E., Andreadis, T. G. Diuk-Wasser, M. A.  2009.  Avian host-selection by Culex pipiens Say (Diptera: Culicidae) in experimental trials.  PLOS One 4(11): e7861. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0007861. (PDF)
2010
  • Andreadis, T. G. and Wolfe, R. J.  2010.  Evidence for reduction of native mosquitoes with increased expansion of the invasive Ochlerotatus japonicus japonicus (Diptera: Culicidae) in the northeastern United States. J. Med. Entomol. 43-52. (PDF)
  • Andreadis, T. G., Armstrong, P. A., and Bajwa, W. J.  2010.  Studies on hibernating populations of Culex pipiens (Diptera: Culicidae) from a West Nile virus endemic focus in New York City: parity rates and isolation of West Nile virus.  J. Am. Mosq. Control Assoc. 26:257-264. (PDF)
  • Armstrong, P. A. and Andreadis, T. G.  2010.  Eastern equine encephalitis virus in mosquitoes and their role as bridge vectors. Emerging Inf. Dis. 16:1869-1874. (PDF)
  • Diuk-Wasser, M. A., Molaei, G., Simpson, J. E., Folsom-O’Keefe, C. M., Armstrong, P. M., and Andreadis, T. G.  2010.  Avian communal roosts as amplification foci for West Nile virus in urban areas in northeastern United States. Am. J. Trop. Med Hyg. 82:337-343. (PDF)
  • Molaei, G., Cummings, R. F., Su, T., Armstrong, P. M., Williams, G. A., Cheng, M. L., Webb, J. P., and Andreadis, T. G.  2010.  Vector-host interactions governing epidemiology of West Nile virus in southern California. Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg. 83:1269-1282. (PDF)
  • Vossbrinck, C. R., Baker, M. D., and Andreadis, T. G.  2010.  Phylogenetic position of Octosporea muscaedomesticae (Microsporidia) and its relationship to Octosporea bayeri based on small subunit rDNA analysis. J. Invertebr. Pathol. 105:366-370. (PDF)
2011
  • Anderson, J. F., Ferrandino, F. J., Dingman, D. W., Main, A. J., Andreadis, T. G., and Becnel, J. J.  2011.  Control of mosquitoes in catch basins in Connecticut with Bacillus thuringiensis israelensis, Bacillus sphearicus and spinosid. J. Am. Mosq. Control Assoc. 27:45-55. (PDF)
  • Armstrong, P. M, Andreadis, T. G., Finan S., Shepard, J. J., Thomas, M. C., and Anderson, J. F.  2011.  Detection of infectious virus from field-collected mosquitoes by Vero cell culture assay. J. Visualized Exper. 52. http://www.jove.com/index/Details.stp?ID=2889,doi: 10.3791/2889. (PDF)

  • Armstrong, P. M., Vossbrinck, C. R., Andreadis, T. G., Anderson, J. F., Pesk, K. N. Ruchi, Newman, R. M., Lennon, N. J., Birren, B. W., Ebel, G. D. and Henn, M. R.  2011.  Molecular Evolution of West Nile virus in a northern temperate region: Connecticut, USA 1999-2008. Virol. 417:203-210. (PDF)

  • Huang, S., Molaei, G., and Andreadis, T. G. 2011.  Reexamination of Culex pipiens hybridization zone in the eastern United States by ribosomal DNA-based single nucleotide polymorphism markers. Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg. 85:434-441. (PDF)

2012

  • Andreadis, T. G.  2012.  The contribution of Culex pipiens complex mosquitoes to transmission and persistence of West Nile virus in North America. J. Amer. Mosq. Control Assoc. 28s:137-151. (PDF)

  • Andreadis, T. G., Shepard, J. J. and Thomas, M. C.  2012.  Field observations on the overwintering ecology of Culiseta melanura in the northeastern United States. J. Amer. Mosq. Control Assoc. 28:286-291. (PDF)

  • Andreadis, T. G., Simakova, A. V., Vossbrinck, C. R, Shepard, J. J., Yurchenko, Y. A.  2012.  Ultrastructural characterization and comparative phylogenetic analysis of new Microsporidia from Siberian mosquitoes: evidence for coevolution and host switching. J. Invertebr. Pathol. 109:59-75.(PDF)

  • Armstrong, P. M., Prince, N. and Andreadis, T. G.  2012.  Development of a multi-target TaqMan assay to detect eastern equine encephalitis virus variants in mosquitoes. Vector-Borne Zoonotic Dis. 12:872-876. (PDF)

  • Hardstone, M. C. and Andreadis, T. G. 2012. Weak larval competition between the invasive mosquito, Aedes japonicus japonicus (Diptera: Culicidae) and three resident container-inhabiting mosquitoes under standard laboratory conditions. J. Med. Entomol. 49:277-285. (PDF)

  • Molaei, G., Huang, S., and Andreadis, T. G.  2012.  Vector-host interactions of Culex pipiens complex mosquitoes in northeastern and southern USA. J. Amer. Mosq. Control Assoc. 28:127-136. (PDF)

  • Morningstar, R.J., Hamer, G.L., Goldberg, T.L., Huang, S., Andreadis, T.G., and Walker, E. D. 2012. Diversity of Wolbachia pipientis strain wPip in a gentically admixtured, above-ground Culex pipiens (Dipteria: Culicidae) population: association with form molestus ancestry and host selection patterns. J. Med. Entomol. 49:474-481. (PDF)

  • Simpson, J. E., Hurtado, P. J., Medlock, J. Molaei, G. Andreadis, T. G., Galvani, A. P., and Diuk-Wasser, M. A.  2012. Vector host-feeding preferences drive transmission of multi-host pathogens: West Nile virus as a model system. Proc. R. Soc. B. 279:925-933.(PDF)

2013

  • Andreadis, T. G., Takaoka, H., Otsuka, Y., and Vossbrinck, C. R.  2013.  Morphological and molecular characterization of a microsporidian parasite, Takaokaspora nipponicus n. gen., n. sp. from the invasive rock pool mosquito, Ochlerotatus japonicus japonicus. J. Invertebr. Pathol. 114:161-172 (PDF)
  • Armstrong, P. M. and Andreadis, T. G.  2013.  Eastern equine encephalitis virus: an old enemy but a new threat.  NE. J. Med. 368:1670-1673. (PDF)
  • Armstrong, P. M., Anderson, J. F., Farajollahi, A. Healy, S. P., Unlu, I., Crepeau, T. N. Gaugler, R., Dina M. Fonseca, D. M., and Andreadis, T. G.  2013.  Isolations of Cache Valley virus from Aedes albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae) in New Jersey and evaluation of its role as a regional arbovirus vector J. Med. Entomol. 50:1310-1314. (PDF)
  • Huang, S., Smith, D. J., Molaei, G., Andreadis, T. G., Larsen, S. E., and Luccchesi, E. F.  2013.  Prevalence of Dirofilaria immitis (Spirurida: Onchocercidae) infection in Aedes, Culex and Culiseta mosquitoes from North San Joaquin Valley, CA. J. Med. Entomol. 50:1315-1323. (PDF)
  • Molaei, G., Andreadis, T. G., Armstrong, P. M., Thomas, M. C., Deschamps, T., Cuebas-Incle, E., Montgomery, W., Osborne, M., Smole, S., Matton, P., Andrews, W., Best, C., Cornine III, F., Bidlack, E., and Texeira, T.  2013.  Vector-host interactions and epizootiology of eastern equine encephalitis virus in Massachusetts, USA. Vector-Borne Zoonotic Dis. 13:312-323. (PDF)
2014
  • Andreadis, T. G., Anderson, J. F., Armstrong, P. M. and Main, A. J.  2014.  Spatial-temporal analysis of Cache Valley virus (Bunyaviridae: Orthobunyavirus) infection in Anopheline and Culicine mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) in the northeastern United States, 1997 – 2012. Vector-Borne Zoonotic Dis. 10:763-773. (PDF)
  • Becnel, J. J. and Andreadis T. G.  2014.  Microsporidia in insects. pp. 521-570.  In: M. Witter and J. J Becnel (eds.), Microsporidia: Pathogens of Opportunity. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
  • Nelson, R., Ciesielski, T. Andreadis, T., Armstrong, P.  2014.  Human case of eastern equine encephalitis - Connecticut, 2013.Connecticut Epidemiologist 34:9-10. (PDF)
  • Nelson, R., Esponda, B. Andreadis, T., Armstrong, P.  2014.  West Nile virus – Connecticut, 2000-2013. Connecticut Epidemiologist 34:5-7. (PDF)

2015

  • Anderson, J. F., Main, A. J., Armstrong, P. E., Andreadis, T. G. and Ferrandino, F. J.  2015.  Arboviruses in North Dakota, 2003-2006. Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg. 92:377-393. (PDF)
  • Armstrong, P. M., Andreadis, T. G., and Anderson, J. F.  2015.  Emergence of a new lineage of Cache Valley virus in the northeastern United States. Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg. 93:11-17. (PDF)
  • Brown, H. E., Young, A., Lega, J., Andreadis, T. G., Sturich J., and Comrie, A.  2015.  Projection of climate change influences on U. S. West Nile virus vectors. Earth Interactions 19:(18) 1-18. (PDF)

  • Molaei G., Armstrong, P. M., Abadam, C. F., Akaratovic, K. I., Kiser, J. P. and Andreadis, T. G.  2015.  Vector-host interactions of Culiseta melanura in a focus of eastern equine encephalitis virus activity in southeastern Virginia. PLoS ONE 10(9): e0136743.doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0136743. (PDF)
  • Molaei, G., Armstrong, P. M., Graham, A. C., Kramer, L. D., and Andreadis, T. G.  2015.  Insights into the recent emergence and expansion of eastern equine encephalitis virus in a new focus in the northern New England USA. Parasites & Vectors 8:516. DOI 10.1186/13071-015-1145-2. (PDF)
  • Van Treuren, W., Ponnusamy, L., Brinkerhoff, R. J., Gonzalez, A., Parobek C. M., Juliano, J. J. Andreadis, T. G., Falco, R. C., Zeigler, L. B., Hathaway, N., Keeler, C., Emch, M., Bailey, J. A., Roe, R. M., Apperson, C. S., Knight R. and Meshnick S. R.  2015.  Variation in the microbiota of Ixodes ticks with geography, species and sex. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 81:6200-6209. doi:10.1128/AEM.01562-15. (PDF)

2016
  • Misencik, M. J., Grubaugh, N. D., Andreadis, T. G., Ebel, G. D. and Armstrong, P. M.  2016.  A new insect-specific flavivirus infecting Culiseta melanura mosquitoes. Vector-Borne Zoonotic Dis. 16:181-190. DOI: 10.1089/vbz.2015.1889 (PDF)

  • Molaei, G., Thomas, M. C., Muller, T. Medlock, J. Shepard, J., Armstrong, P. M. and Andreadis, T. G.  2016.  Dynamics of vector-host interactions in avian communities in four eastern equine encephalitis virus foci in the northeastern U.S. PLOS Neglected Trop. Dis. 10(1):e0004347:doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0004347. (PDF)

     





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