Sandra L. Anagnostakis
Department of Plant Pathology and Ecology
The Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station
123 Huntington Street
P.O. Box 1106
New Haven, CT 06504-1106
Voice: (203) 974-8498 Fax: (203) 974-8502
Fungal genetics and physiology
Plant genetics and breeding
B.A. University of California at Riverside (1961); Biology
M.A. University of Texas at Austin (1966); Botany
Agr.D. Justus Liebig Universitaet, Germany (1985); Plant Pathology
Technician I 1966-1967
Technician II 1967-1973
Asst. Scientist 1973-1982
Assoc. Scientist 1982-1992
Anagnostakis has worked on the genetics of various fungi, including those that cause corn smut disease and Dutch elm disease. She has been working on chestnut blight disease (caused by Cryphonectria parasitica) since 1968. After completing basic studies with the fungus she imported Hypovirulent (virus containing) strains from France (1972) and demonstrated that they could be used in the U.S. for biological control of the disease. She found the system of incompatibility in the fungus which restricts transfer of the biocontrol virus, and developed the use of mixtures of strains for disease control. She has worked on the ecology of the blight fungus and its control by hypovirulence, and studies of virulence in the fungus and resistance in the trees.
Anagnostakis continues the Experiment Station project on chestnut tree breeding to produce better timber and orchard trees. Seed orchards of improved chestnut timber trees have been established in Windsor and Griswold to provide seed for forest plantings. Tests of planting sites in the forest have been in place now for 13 years, and tests of planting methods for two years. Studies of superior orchard chestnut trees now include breeding for resistance to Asian chestnut gall wasp (Dryocosmus kuriphilus) and chemical tests on the quality of nutrients in the nuts.
Canker diseases of butternut trees in Connecticut are caused by two different pathogens, which are killing true butternuts and reducing the health of hybrids. Anagnostakis has initiated studies of these two fungi, and tested resistance in young trees. More plantings are planned for Lockwood Farm using seedlings of true butternuts found to be surviving in the forests of PA and TN in spite of canker on surrounding trees. These will be used for disease resistance studies.
Anagnostakis is a past-president and current Board member of the Northern Nut Growers Association, is on the Board of the Sleeping Giant Park Association and is Park Naturalist, and judges the nut exhibit at the Pennsylvania Farm show.
Selected publications available from author, Sandra.Anagnostakis@ct.gov
Ward, J. S., Anagnostakis, S. L. and Ferrandino, F. J. 2010. Nectria Canker Incidence on Birch (Betula spp.) in Connecticut. Northern J. Appl. For. 27.3 85-91.
Anagnostakis, S. L., Clark, S., and McNab, H. 2011. Resistance of chestnut trees to Asian chestnut gall wasp. Annual Report of the Northern Nut Growers Association 101:15-17. (PDF)
Anagnostakis, S. L. 2011. The trouble with butternuts. Annual Report of the Northern Nut Growers Association 101:73-77. (PDF)
Anagnostakis, S. L., Pinchot, C., Stilwell, D., and Schlarbaum, S. E. 2012. Soil and leaf minerals and survival and growth of hybrid chestnut trees planted in forest and field plots in Connecticut. Annual Report of the Northern Nut Growers Association 102:43-47. (PDF)
Anagnostakis, S. L., Hall, T. J., and Frontz, T. M. 2012. A laboratory assay to determine resistance in Butternut to butternut canker disease. The Nutshell, Dec.:18-24. (PDF)
Anagnostakis, S. L. 2012. Chestnut breeding in the United States for disease and insect resistance. Plant Disease 96:1392-1403. (PDF)
Anagnostakis, S. L. Key to the species of chestnut: http://www.ct.gov/caes/chestnutkey
Content Last Modified on 11/5/2013 12:23:27 PM